The government takes measures to operationalize Gas-based Power Plants

News Excerpt:

To help meet the high electricity demand in the country during the summer season, the Government of India has decided to operationalize gas-based power plants.

More about the news:

  • To ensure maximum power generation from Gas-Based Generating Stations, the Government has issued directions to all Gas-Based Generating Stations under Section 11 of the Electricity Act, 2003.
    • Under Section 11 of the Electricity Act, the appropriate government may specify that a generating company shall, in extraordinary circumstances, operate and maintain any generating station in accordance with the directions of that Government.
  • A significant portion of the Gas-Based Generating Stations (GBSs) is currently unutilized, primarily due to commercial considerations. 
  • The order under Section 11 is on similar lines as done for imported-coal-based power plants.
  • It aims to optimize the availability of power from Gas-Based Generating Stations during the ensuing high-demand period. 
  • The order shall remain valid for the generation and supply of power from May 1, 2024, to June 30, 2024. 
  • As per the arrangement, GRID-INDIA will inform the Gas-based Generating Stations in advance of the number of days for which Gas-based power is required.

Why was the order passed?

  • The decision to operationalize gas-based generating stations is part of a series of measures taken by the Government, to ensure that the electricity demand in the summer season is met. 
  • India's electricity demand has been rising rapidly, driven by economic growth, particularly during hot weather and high-demand periods. 
  • The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted above-normal maximum temperatures over most parts of the country during the 2024 hot weather season. 

Other Measures to Meet Summer Electricity Demand:

The government has taken the following measures to meet the summer demand, apart from the decision on gas-based generating stations:

  • Planned Maintenance of Power Plants to be shifted to Monsoon Season
  • New Capacity Additions to be Speeded up
  • Partial Outages of Thermal Power Plants being brought down
  • Surplus Power with Captive Generating Stations to be Utilised
  • Surplus Power to be offered for sale in Energy Exchange
  • Section 11 Directions for Imported-Coal-Based Power Plants, to make full capacity available for generation
  • Shifting of hydropower generation to peak hours
  • Advance planning by all stakeholders to ensure coal availability


  • Grid Controller of India Limited (GRID-INDIA) is a Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Power.
  • Established in 2009, GRID-INDIA holds the crucial mandate of overseeing the seamless and uninterrupted operation of the Indian Power System.
  • It ensures the efficient transfer of electric power within and across regions, facilitating transnational power exchanges with a focus on reliability, economy, and sustainability. 
  • It facilitates competitive and efficient wholesale electricity markets and administers settlement systems.
  • GRID-INDIA achieved a significant milestone by being conferred with the status of Miniratna Category-I CPSE in 2024.

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