Peru-based top potato research centre to set up India wing

News Excerpt: 

India is set to get a regional centre of the Peru-based International Potato Center (CIP), the premier research-for-development organisation focusing on potatoes and sweet potatoes.


  • The CIP-South Asia Regional Centre (CIP-SARC) is expected to be established in Agra. It will serve farmers in potato-belt states of India, such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, and other South Asian countries.
    • This will be India's second major international agricultural research institute, after the Philippines-based International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Varanasi, which was established in 2017.
    • The CIP-SARC is proposed to be developed on the pattern of IRRI-SARC.
  • The CIP-SARC will focus on the development of new varieties of potato and sweet potato, which are climate resilient, disease-free and suitable for processing. 
    • It will offer global science expertise, an extensive global innovation network and global genetic resources,
  • The CIP-SARC is on the 100-day agenda of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.

About the news:

  • India and Peru have concluded the negotiations, and a formal agreement will be signed after approval from the Union Cabinet.
  • The Agriculture Ministry have forwarded the proposal to set up the CIP-SARC to the Committee on Establishment Expenditure (CEE) headed by the Expenditure Secretary
    • After the CEE’s clearance, the proposal will go to the Cabinet for final approval.
  • Currently, two centres of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) work on tuber crops in India. 
    • While the Shimla-based ICAR-CPRI (Central Potato Research Institute) is working on potato.
    • Thiruvananthapuram-based ICAR-CTCRI (Central Tuber Crops Research Institute) is working on sweet potato.
  • India is the second-largest potato producer and consumer in the world after China. Both countries accounted for over one-third of the global potato production 
  • Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar were the top three potato producers in 2020-21. 
    • Other states with significant potato production are Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab.

International Potato Center (CIP):

  • The International Potato Center (CIP) was founded in 1971 as a research-for-development organisation with a focus on potato, sweetpotato and Andean roots and tubers. 
  • It delivers innovative science-based solutions to enhance access to affordable nutritious food, foster inclusive sustainable business and employment growth, and drive the climate resilience of root and tuber agri-food systems. 
  • Headquartered in Lima, Peru, CIP has a research presence in more than 20 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
  • It had set up its first Asia centre - China Center for Asia Pacific (CCCAP) in Yanqing, China. It serves the entire East Asia and the Pacific region.


International Rice Research Institute (IRRI):

  • The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is the world’s premier research organisation dedicated to reducing poverty and hunger through rice science; improving the health and welfare of rice farmers and consumers; and protecting the rice-growing environment for future generations. 
  • IRRI is an independent, nonprofit, research and educational institute, founded in 1960 by the support from the Philippine government. 
  • The institute, headquartered in Los Baños, Philippines, has offices in 17 rice-growing countries in Asia and Africa.


Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research is an apex research organisation of the country. Since its inception in 1930, the Council has been spearheading agricultural research, education, and extension activities for productivity enhancement and diversification of Indian agriculture.
  • The first systematic effort to envision the challenges and opportunities, and formulate its own strategy was undertaken in the last year of the 20th century by preparing ‘Vision 2020 document’. 
  • The next attempt was after five years by bringing out the ‘Perspective Plan’ and the ‘ICAR Vision 2030’, coinciding with the XI plan.
  • ‘ICAR Vision 2050’ provides the strategic framework for innovation-led, inclusive and sustainable agricultural growth in the country.

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