Klyuchevskoy Volcano Eruption

News Excerpt: 

Klyuchevskoy (Klyuchevskaya) volcano has erupted on Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula.

About Klyuchevskoy Volcano:

  • It is Kamchatka's highest and Eurasia’s tallest active volcano.
  • It is a stratovolcano with a large active crater with frequent eruptions.
    • Stratovolcanoes have relatively steep sides and are more cone-shaped than shield volcanoes. They are formed from viscous, sticky lava that does not flow easily. 

Kamchatka Peninsula:

  • Kamchatka Peninsula is located in far eastern Russia, lying between the Sea of Okhotsk on the west and the Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea on the east.
  • Two mountain ranges, the Sredinny (Central) and Vostochny (Eastern), extend along the peninsula and the trough between them is occupied by the Kamchatka River.
  • Located along the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Kamchatka Peninsula is home to more than 300 volcanoes.
    • The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.

Aviation Colour Code:

  • The aviation color code was elevated to red, the highest warning level, due to the significant emissions of ash into the atmosphere.
  • It is a system based on four colours and is only intended for use by the civil aviation community.
  • It provides the aviation community with information about volcanic activity and the potential presence of volcanic ash in the atmosphere.

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