Cape Verde declared malaria-free

News excerpt: 

Cape Verde has achieved a decisive victory against malaria, becoming the third African Nation to rid itself of the disease.

Past developments: 

  • Cape Verde is the third country to get rid itself of the disease. The country has now joined Mauritius and Algeria, who were certified malaria-free in 1973 and 2019, respectively. 
  • Cape Verde went through its last malaria peak in the late 1980s. Since then, it has been confined to two islands: Santiago and Boa Vista. 
    • Both the islands have now been malaria-free since 2017. 
    • In 2007, eliminating malaria became a national objective for Cape Verde, and subsequently, it came up with a strategic malaria plan from 2009 to 2013.

About cape verde: 

  • Cabo Verde, country comprising a group of islands that lie 385 miles (620 km) off the west coast of Africa. Praia, on Santiago, is the capital.
  • Cabo Verde is named for the westernmost cape of Africa, Cape Verde (French: Cap Vert), which is located in nearby Senegal and is the nearest point on the continent. 
  • The largest port in the islands is located at Mindelo, on São Vicente. Its deepwater harbour accommodates sizable vessels and has been used as a fueling station since the 19th century.

Criteria for being a malaria free nation:

  • For this certification, a nation needs to prove that the domestic chain of transmission has been broken for at least three consecutive years.
  • Worldwide, only 43 nations + (1-Territory) have been certified as Maria-free by the WHO.
  • Other countries certified malaria-free in recent years are as following:
    • Tajikistan (2023), Azerbaijan (2023), Belize (2023), China (2021), El Salvador (2021).
    • La Reunion is a French overseas region which was certified malaria-free independently from Metropolitan France (1979).

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