11th century Jain sculptures discovered

News Excerpt:

Three 11th-century Jain sculptures were discovered at Varuna village in Mysuru district.

About the sculptures:

  • One of the sculptures was damaged beyond recognition but the other two were in fairly good condition.
  • One of the two idols or sculptures is that of a Jain Teerthankara, but it was difficult to ascertain the identity in the absence of symbols that may have been effaced or damaged.
  • The entire belt comprising Varuna, Varakodu and Vajamangala had been thriving Jain centres.

Teerthankara:

  • It is a saviour who has succeeded in crossing over life’s stream of rebirths and has made a path for others to follow.
  • Mahavira (6th century BC) was the last Teerthankara to appear.
  • In art, the Teerthankara is represented either standing stiffly in the pose known as kayotsarga (“dismissing the body”) or seated cross-legged on a lion throne in the posture of meditation, dhyanamudra.
    • The images are often carved out of marble or other highly polished stone or are cast in metal.

Mysuru:

  • It is situated below the Chamundi hills in the state of Karnataka.
  • It was ruled by the Gangas of Talakad from the 4th to 10th century, by Cholas till the 2nd decade of the 12th century.
  • An inscription in Mysuru by the Hoysalas dates back to the 11th and 12th century.
  • After the Hoysalas came, the Vijayanagar Kings and the Mysuru Yadu dynasty came to power in 1399 A.D.
    • They were the feudatories of the Vijayanagar Kings.
  • It has around 11 Jain temples in all - 5 of them are Digambara temple and the rest are Swetambara temple.

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