NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog

The "National Institution for Transforming India" (NITI Aayog) was established by the Prime Minister of India on January 1, 2015, to replace the Planning Commission, which had a 65-year history.

The value and efficacy of the Planning Commission's work have been questioned for a long time. Consequently, the NITI Aayog was established to promote cooperative federalism, national economic interests, and effective governance.

Objectives of NITI Aayog

  • Considering national goals and establishing a "national agenda" as a framework, states' active participation is required.

  • To continuously promote cooperative federalism through well-organized support initiatives and mechanisms with the states.

  • At the village level, develop methods for formulating a sound plan, then gradually combine these at higher tiers of government.

  • National security interests are taken into account in economic policy.

  • To give the societal groups that run the risk of experiencing subpar economic progress benefits particular thought.

  • To present strategies and frameworks for long-term, strategic policy and program planning and evaluate those efforts' success.

  • To offer guidance and promote collaborations between significant stakeholders, national and international Think Tanks, and academic and policy research institutions.

  • To generate knowledge, innovation, and a support system for entrepreneurs through a shared community of national and international experts, among other things.

  • A platform for resolving cross-departmental and cross-sectoral disputes must be offered to hasten the realization of the progressive agenda.

Functions of NITI Aayog

On January 1, 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the idea for NITI Aayog. The following are some of NITI Aayog's primary responsibilities:

  • On August 13, 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi abolished the 65-year-old Planning Commission and installed the NITI Aayog. 

  • The crucial thing to remember in this situation is that it was established via executive resolution, the same process used to establish the Planning Commission. It is, therefore, an executive body rather than a statutory or constitutional body.

  • It acts as the policy think tank for the Indian government and guides the direction and policy-related issues. Another crucial aspect is the fact that it aids the Indian government while also offering technical guidance to the states and centres.

  • NITI Aayog, in contrast to previous planning commission approaches, provides diverse points of view collaboratively rather than confrontationally.

NITI Aayog Members

The operation of this Commission involves a large number of people. The members of NITI Aayog are as follows:

  • Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi serves as the NITI Aayog's chair.

  • Lieutenant Governors of union territories and Chief Ministers of all states and union territories.

  • Councils at the regional level are established to deal with emergencies that affect multiple states. The prime minister appoints regional council members and has a fixed term in office. Chief Ministers of states and lieutenant governors of union territories make up the Regional Council.

  • Special Invitees: The Prime Minister nominates individuals for special invitations who are experts in their fields and highly qualified practitioners.

  • Long-term organizational structure: The vice-chairpersons, members, ex-officio members, part-time members, chief executive officer, and secretariat make up this group.

NITI Aayog's 7 Pillars

The think tank focuses on the seven pillars of good governance that comprise NITI Aayog. 

  • Pro-people

  • Pro-activity

  • Participation

  • Empowering

  • Inclusion of all

  • Equality

  • Transparency

The NITI Aayog's indexes

NITI Aayog has also released a number of indices, including the Health Index and the Global Innovation Index, in addition to the reports that have already been published. 

The NITI Aayog published the following list of indexes:

  • Composite Water Management Index

  • District Hospital Index

  • Export Preparedness Index

  • Global Innovation Index

  • India Innovation Index

  • Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • School Education Quality Index

  • SDG India Index

  • State Energy Index

  • State Health Index

Three-year Action Plan of NITI Aayog

The three-year action agenda is one of the documents released by NITI Aayog, and the details are as follows:

  • The Aayog's 3-year Action Plan agenda is a crucial component that results in the strategic and visual document.

  • A document from 2017 to 2020 is the NITI Aayog three-year action plan. 

  • The modifications to the policies and programs for the actions between 2017 and 2020 are described in this document.

  • The recommendations in this three-year action plan call for rapid changes to existing policy.

NITI Aayog's accomplishments

The leading policy think tank for the Indian government, NITI Aayog, offers direction, policy, and pertinent technical advice to the federal government, the states, and the union territories. 

The following are the accomplishments of the NITI Aayog:

  • It significantly strengthened the Ayushman Bharat Scheme. It included thorough peer reviews of the PMJAY health benefits packages.

  • It has been leading the development of the World Health Outcome Index in coordination with the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and with technical support from the World Bank.

  • With the assistance of district officers working under the direction of district collectors, the Aspirational District Program is promoting change in the health and nutrition sectors.

  • The National Commission for Homoeopathy (NCH) Bill, 2018, the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2018, and the National Commission for Yoga & Naturopathy Bill, 2018 were all examined, and recommendations were made.

  • The MAFAP program stands for Monitoring and Analyzing Food India.

  • NITI Aayog is the brainchild behind the Village Storage Scheme and Dhaanya Lakshmi Village Storage Scheme.

  • Under the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), natural farming is promoted as the "Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati" program.

  • The Strategy for New India by 2022 is being prepared using a very participatory methodology.


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