China Develops Groundbreaking Nuclear Battery That Can Last 50 Years Without Charging

China Develops Groundbreaking Nuclear Battery That Can Last 50 Years Without Charging

GS Paper - 3 Science and Tech

Why in the news?

  • Chinese startup Betavolt has created an innovative battery that can power smartphones continuously for 50 years without the need for recharging.
  • The company's goal is to manufacture batteries with the capacity to produce 1 watt of power by the year 2025.

About new battery developed by Betavolt

  • Compact Design:
      • The battery is created by Betavolt, a Chinese company, and is called the world's first miniaturized atomic energy system.
      • Its size is similar to a coin, measuring 15x15x5 cubic millimeters.
  • Internal Structure:
      • The battery consists of 63 nuclear isotopes arranged compactly within the module.
      • It has a layered structure, featuring 10-micron-thick diamond semiconductors with a layer of nickel-63 in between.
  • Power Capacity:
      • Capable of delivering 100 microwatts of power.
      • Operates at a voltage of 3V.
  • Energy Generation:
      • Produces electricity by using energy from the decay of a radioactive isotope, specifically nickel-63.
  • Durable Features:
      • Fire-resistant and jerk-proof.
      • Operational in a wide temperature range, from -60°C to 120°C.
  • Versatile Connectivity:
      • Its small size allows multiple units to be connected for increased power output.
  • Applications in Various Sectors:
    • Suitable for providing enduring power in aerospace, medical care, UAVs, micro-robots, microprocessors, advanced sensors, drones, and AI.

 Significance of the battery

  • Betavolt's battery challenges traditional science by being the first to miniaturize atomic energy production, challenging established ideas about non-miniaturized nuclear technology.

  • It boasts superior energy density, giving it a competitive edge over existing options.

  • The battery's design enables prolonged use, potentially allowing devices like mobiles and UAVs to operate indefinitely without recharging or replacing the battery.

  • Safety is a priority with its layered structure, preventing fire or explosions under force.

  • The absence of external radiation makes it suitable for use in medical devices implanted inside the human body, such as pacemakers and cochlear implants.

  • Environmentally friendly, the battery's isotopes transform into a stable, non-reactive isotope of copper after decay, minimizing pollution and environmental impact.

  • It could provide China with a geopolitical advantage, especially in critical sectors like AI and semiconductors.

  • Competitors like Russia, the USA, and the EU are also exploring this technology for various applications in aerospace, underwater crafts, and remote sensing stations.

  • The battery has the potential to revolutionize electronics by eliminating the need for chargers or portable power banks, ensuring continuous device operation without capacity degradation seen in conventional Li-ion batteries.


Betavolt's nuclear battery disrupts traditional scientific norms and has far-reaching implications across industries. With its safety measures, environmentally friendly characteristics, and possible geopolitical benefits, it has the potential to transform electronic devices, paving the way for a more sustainable future.


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