1.    Recently seen in the news the ‘Indian Flapshell’, is related to which of the following?
(a) Birds
(b) Primates
(c) Reptiles
(d) Insects
Explanation:
Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata)
●    It is a freshwater species of turtle found in South Asia.
●    The “flap-shelled” name stems from the presence of femoral flaps located on the plastron. These flaps of skin cover the limbs when they retract into the shell.
●    They are found in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh (Indus and Ganges drainages), and Myanmar (Irrawaddy and Salween Rivers).
●    IUCN Status: Vulnerable
●    Hence option (c) is correct.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/flapshell-turtle-rescued/article25217026.ece

2.    It is an equatorial crop, but under special conditions, it is also grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas.Temperature of above 25°C with moist and humid climate is required.Rainfall of more than 200 cm and rich well drained alluvial soil is needed.Cheap and adequate supply of skilled labour is needed for this plantation crop.
Identify the Crop using the following options:
(a)    Tea
(b)    Coffee
(c)    Rubber
(d)    SugarCane.

Explanation:
Rubber
●    Rubber is made from the latex of a tree called Hevea Brasiliensis.
●    Rubber is largely perceived as a strategic industrial raw material and accorded special status globally for defence, national security and industrial development.
●    India is currently the sixth largest producer of NR in the world with one of the highest productivity (694,000 tonnes in 2017-18).
●    Top Rubber Producing States: Kerala > Tamil Nadu > Karnataka.
●    Hence Option (c) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/rubber-research-institute-of-india-develops-new-method-to-dry-sheet-rubber-in-just-a-day/article38005018.ece#:~:text=The%20Rubber%20Research%20Institute%20of,takes%20four%20to%20five%20days.


3.    Consider the following cities:
1.    Tripura
2.    Kerala
3.    Tamil Nadu
4.    Goa
Arrange the above states in increasing order of rubber Production:
(a)    4-3-1-2
(1)    1-3-4-2
(2)    3-1-2-4
(3)    1-4-3-2
Explanation:
Rubber
●    Natural rubber is cultivated in 16 states in India.
●    With over 600,000 hectares, Kerala tops rubber cultivation, followed by Tripura with over 85,038 hectares under plantation.
●    Other major natural rubber producers are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Assam and other northeastern states.
●    Hence Option (a) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/rubber-research-institute-of-india-develops-new-method-to-dry-sheet-rubber-in-just-a-day/article38005018.ece#:~:text=The%20Rubber%20Research%20Institute%20of,takes%20four%20to%20five%20days.

4.    The ‘World Press Freedom Index’ was recently published by which of the following?
(a)    World Bank
(b)    NITI AYOG
(c)    Reporters Without Borders
(d)     World Economic Forum
Explanation:
World Press Freedom Index
●    It has been published every year since 2002 by Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF) or Reporters Without Borders.
●    Based in Paris, RSF is an independent NGO with consultative status with the United Nations, UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF).
●    OIF is a 54 french speaking nations collective.
●    Hence Option (c) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/govt-disagrees-with-indias-rank-in-world-press-freedom-index/article38008695.ece
5.    Consider the following statements on Chillai Kalan :
1.    It is the harshest winter period in Kashmir starting from 21st December to 29th January every year.
2.    Chillai-Kalan is followed by a 20-day long Chillai Khurd.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
One of the harshest winter periods of 40 days, called Chillai Kalan, has begun in Kashmir.
●    It is the harshest winter period in Kashmir starting from 21st December to 29th January every year. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Chillai Kalan is a Persian term that means ‘major cold’.
●    Chillai-Kalan is followed by a 20-day long Chillai Khurd (small cold) that occurs between January 30 and February 18 and a 10-days long Chillai Bachha (baby cold) which is from February 19 to February 28. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The 40-day period brings a lot of hardships for Kashmiris as the temperature drops considerably leading to the freezing of water bodies, including the famous Dal Lake here.
●    During these 40 days, the chances of snowfall are the highest and the maximum temperature drops considerably. The minimum temperature in the Valley hovers below the freezing point.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/chillai-kalan-begins-in-kashmir/article38005793.ece