1.    With reference to India’s biodiversity, ‘Acharamkolli’, a newly discovered Species is:
(a) Insects
(b) Primates
(c) Reptiles
(d) Plant
Explanation:
●    Classified under the genus Polycarpaea of the family caryophyllaceae, the species has been named Polycarpaea palakkadensis as floristic surveys in Palakkad district have led to its discovery.
●    Polycarpaea palakkadensis is an annual herb, standing 7.5 cm tall with leaves arranged in a whorl-like pattern and seeds creamy white and ovoid.
●    Flowering and fruiting happens during July-October.
●    While the species has now been reported only in Palakkad, the researchers feel that it could occur in further sites in southwest India and the country as a whole.
●    Hence option (d) is correct.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/new-plant-species-named-after-palakkad/article37985232.ece
2.    With reference to the Agni-P Missile, consider the following statements:

1.    Agni-P is a three-stage canisterised solid propellant missile with a dual redundant navigation and guidance system.
2.    The surface-to-surface ballistic missile has a range of 1,000 to 2,000 km.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Agni-P Missile
●    Agni-P is a two-stage canisterised solid propellant missile with a dual redundant navigation and guidance system. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●     It has been termed as a new generation advanced variant of the Agni class of missiles with improved parameters, including manoeuvring and accuracy.
●    Canisterisation of missiles reduces the time required to launch the missile while improving the storage and ease of handling.
●    The surface-to-surface ballistic missile has a range of 1,000 to 2,000 km.Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-successfully-tests-nuclear-capable-ballistic-missile-agni-p/article37984273.ece

3.    Consider the following pairs:

Missiles    Range
1.    Prithvi    -    Short range surface to surface ballistic missile.
2.    Trishul    -    Long range low level surface to air missile.

3.    Akash    -    Short range surface to air missile

Which of the above pair(s) is/are matched correctly?

(a)    1 only
(b)    1 and 2 only
(c)    2 and 3 only
(d)    1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
IGMDP (Integrated Guided Missile Development Program)
●    It was conceived by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam to enable India attain self-sufficiency in the field of missile technology. It was approved by the Government of India in 1983 and completed in March 2012.
●    The 5 missiles (P-A-T-N-A) developed under this program are:
○    Prithvi: Short range surface to surface ballistic missile. Hence, pair 1 is correctly matched.
○    Agni: Ballistic missiles with different ranges, i.e. Agni (1,2,3,4,5)
○    Trishul: Short range low level surface to air missile. Hence, pair 2 is incorrectly matched.
○    Nag: 3rd generation anti-tank missile.
○    Akash: Medium range surface to air missile. Hence, pair 3 is incorrectly matched.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-successfully-tests-nuclear-capable-ballistic-missile-agni-p/article37984273.ece


4.    With reference to ‘India-Central Asia Dialogue’ consider the following statements:

1.    It is a ministerial-level dialogue between India and the Central Asian countries namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
2.    All five nations became independent states after the collapse of the USSR in 1991, post-Cold war.
3.    All the countries participating in the dialogue are also members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
India-Central Asia Dialogue
●    Recently, the 3rd meeting of the India-Central Asia Dialogue was held in New Delhi.
●    It is a ministerial-level dialogue between India and the Central Asian countries namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    All five nations became independent states after the collapse of the USSR in 1991, post-Cold war.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    All the countries participating in the dialogue, except for Turkmenistan, are also members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.
●    The dialogue focuses on a number of issues including ways to improve connectivity and stabilize war-ravaged Afghanistan.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/central-asia-dialogue-to-begin-on-december-19-2021-afghanistan-and-connectivity-on-the-agenda/article37987325.ece

5.    With reference to ‘Union Territories(UT)’ consider the following statements:

1.    The UTs were introduced in the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
2.    The concept of the UT was added by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956.
3.    Under Article 240, the President has the power to make regulations for the peace, progress and good governance of all Union Territories of India.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
Union Territories
●    The UTs were introduced in the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●     The concept of the UT was added by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    Under Article 240, President has the power to make regulations for the peace, progress and good governance of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshwadeep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Puducherry.
●    In the case of Puducherry, the President can make a regulation to legislate only when the assembly is suspended or dissolved.
●    A regulation made by the President has the same force and effect as an act of Parliament. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/growing-demand-for-statehood-in-ladakh/article37987307.ece