1.    Who among the following has written the “ Tamil Thai Vaazhthu ” which was recently declared as the State song of Tamil Nadu?
(a) Subramania Bharati
(b) Manikkavacakar
(c) Chithalai Chathanar
(d) Manonmaniam Sundaranar
Explanation:
The TamilNadu government declared Tamil Thai Vaazhthu, as the State Song on December 17, 2021.
●    Tamil Thai Vaazhthu is a prayer song sung in praise of Mother Tamil.
●    It is written by Manonmaniam Sundaranar.
●    Hence option (d) is correct.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/dmk-government-declares-tamil-thai-vaazhthu-the-state-song/article37981387.ece

2.    With reference to Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS), consider the following statements:

1.    This scheme has  subsumed under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).
2.    The scheme covers all children studying at the secondary stage in Government, local body and Government-aided schools, with one or more disabilities as defined under the Persons with Disabilities Act 1995.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS)
●    The Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) has been launched from the year 2009-10.
●    This Scheme replaces the earlier scheme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) and provides assistance for the inclusive education of the disabled children in classes IX-XII.
●    This scheme has now subsumed under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) from 2013. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The States/UTs are also in the process of subsuming under RMSA as RMSA subsumed Scheme.  
●    The scheme covers all children studying at the secondary stage in Government, local body and Government-aided schools, with one or more disabilities as defined under the Persons with Disabilities Act (1995) and the National Trust Act (1999) in the class IX to XII, namely blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, locomotory disabilities, mental retardation, mental illness, autism, and cerebral palsy and may eventually cover speech impairment, learning disabilities, etc.
●    Girls with the disabilities receive special focus to help them gain access to secondary schools, as also to information and guidance for developing their potential.
●    Setting up of Model inclusive schools in every State is envisaged under the scheme.
●    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/for-disabled-citizens-to-have-the-police-they-deserve/article37980982.ece

3.    Consider the following statements:

1.    GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective.
2.    Both measures need to match because of the difference in treatment of net taxes.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective.
●    Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Both measures need not match because of the difference in treatment of net taxes.
●    GDP is the sum of private consumption, gross investment in the economy, government investment, government spending and net foreign trade (the difference between exports and imports).
●    GDP = private consumption + gross investment + government investment + government spending + (exports-imports)
●    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-challenge-of-achieving-95-growth-rate/article37981006.ece

4.    Regarding the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, consider the following statements:
1.    The act envisaged a two-tier structure to regulate the access to biological resources.
2.    Under this act, the Central Government in consultation with the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) Shall notify threatened species and prohibit or regulate their collection, rehabilitation and conservation.
     3.  The act stipulates all offences under it as non cognizable and non-bailable.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    The act envisaged a three-tier structure to regulate the access to biological resources:
○    The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)
○    The State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs)
○    The Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) (at local level)
●    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Under this act, the Central Government in consultation with the NBA:
○    Shall notify threatened species and prohibit or regulate their collection, rehabilitation and conservation
○    Designate institutions as repositories for different categories of biological resources
●    Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The act stipulates all offences under it as cognizable and non-bailable. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/environmentalists-oppose-proposed-changes-to-biological-diversity-act/article37980391.ece

5.    Regarding the Writ of Habeas Corpus , consider the following statements:
1.    This writ is a bulwark of individual liberty against arbitrary detention.
2.    The writ is not issued where the proceeding is for contempt of a legislature or a court.
3.    The writ of habeas corpus can be issued against both public authorities as well as private individuals.
 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Writ of Habeas Corpus
●    It is a Latin term which literally means ‘to have the body of’.
●    Under this the court issues an order to a person who has detained another person, to produce the body of the latter before it.
●    The court then examines the cause and legality of detention.
●    This writ is a bulwark of individual liberty against arbitrary detention. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The writ, on the other hand, is not issued where the:
○    detention is lawful,
○    the proceeding is for contempt of a legislature or a court,
○    detention is by a competent court, and
○    detention is outside the jurisdiction of the court.
○    Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The writ of habeas corpus can be issued against both public authorities as well as private individuals. Hence Statement 3 is correct.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/52-habeas-corpus-petitions-pending-in-the-supreme-court-law-minister/article37980172.ece