1.    Which of the following are Bilateral exercises between India and Bangladesh?
1. Sampriti
2. Mitra Shakti
3. Vajra Prahar
4. Nomadic Elephant

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation:
●    Sampriti - India & Bangladesh
●    Mitra Shakti - India & Sri Lanka
●    Vajra Prahar - India & US
●    Nomadic Elephant - India & Mongolia

Hence option (c) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/guest-of-honour-president-kovind-attends-victory-day-parade-as-bangladesh-marks-50-years-of-win-over-pakistan/article37967309.ece

2.    Consider the following pairs:

Shifting Cultivation/Land Rotation/Jhumming    Region
1.    Jhum     -    Assam
2.    Ponam     -    Tamil Nadu
3.    Podu     -    Andhra Pradesh

Which of the above pair(s) is/are matched correctly?

(a)    1 only
(b)    1 and 3 only
(c)    2 and 3 only
(d)    1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
●    Jhum in Assam.  Hence, pair 1 is correctly matched.
●    Ponam in Kerala.  Hence, pair 2 is incorrectly matched.
●    Podu in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha and  Hence, pair 3 is correctly matched.
●    Bewar Masha Penda and Bera in various parts of Madhya Pradesh.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/agriculture/time-to-correct-wrong-farming-practises-says-pm-modi/article37973333.ece#:~:text=Credit%3A%20VIJAY%20SONEJI-,'Science%2Dbased%20shift%20to%20natural%20farming%20needed',to%20Prime%20Minister%20Narendra%20Modi.

3.     Consider the following statements on Wage Code:
1.    Wages include salary, allowance or any other monetary component.
2.    It  includes bonuses and travelling allowances.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
The Wages Code seeks to regulate wage and bonus payments in all employments where any industry, business, trade or manufacture is carried out.
●    Wages include salary, allowance or any other monetary component.  Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●     It does not include bonuses and travelling allowances. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/states-told-to-pre-publish-labour-codes-rules-labour-minister/article37973166.ece


4.     Consider the following statements on Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006:
1.    This Act replaced the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 which was enacted during the British era.
2.    There is no provision for maintenance of a girl child.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006
●    This Act replaced the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 which was enacted during the British era.  Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    It defines a child to mean a male below 21 years and female below 18 years.
●    "Minor" is defined as a person who has not attained the age of majority as per the Majority Act.
●    The legal status of Child Marriage is Voidable if so desired by one of the parties. However, if the consent is obtained by fraud, deceit or if the child is enticed away from his/her lawful guardians, and if the sole purpose is to use the child for trafficking or other immoral purposes, marriage would be void.
●    There is also a provision for maintenance of girl child. Husband is liable to pay maintenance in case he is a major. In case, the husband is also a minor, his parents would be liable to pay maintenance.  Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.
●    It envisages preventing child marriage with punishments of rigorous imprisonment for two years and/ or fine of Rs. 1 lakh.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/union-cabinet-gives-nod-to-raise-womens-marriage-age-to-21/article37968276.ece

5.    With reference to Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban(PMAY-U), consider the following statements:
1.    It is  being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
2.    It ensures  pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022
3.    The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of Statutory Towns

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban(PMAY-U)
●    It is a flagship Mission of Government of India being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    It was launched on 25th June 2015 and addresses urban housing shortage among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022, when Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    PMAY(U) adopts a demand driven approach wherein the Housing shortage is decided based on demand assessment by States/Union Territories.
Coverage:  
●    The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of Statutory Towns, Notified Planning Areas, Development Authorities, Special Area Development Authorities, Industrial Development Authorities or any such authority under State legislation which is entrusted with the functions of urban planning & regulations.   Hence Statement 3 is correct.
 

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/5288-lakh-houses-out-of-114-crore-sanctioned-under-pmay-u-completed/article37973090.ece