1.     With reference to CharDham Pariyojana, consider the following statements:

1.    It will widen almost 900 km of highways connecting the pilgrimage sites, a part of the Amarnath Yatra route.
2.    It is a programme taken up by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for connectivity improvement for 4 pilgrimage sites  in Uttrakhand.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    It will widen almost 900 km of highways connecting the pilgrimage sites and the Tanakpur-Pithoragarh stretch of National Highway (NH) 125, a part of the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra route.  Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    It is a programme taken up by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for connectivity improvement for Chardham (Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri and Gangotri) in Uttrakhand. Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sc-gives-the-nod-to-widening-of-3-highways-to-indo-china-border/article37953202.ece#:~:text=The%20Supreme%20Court%20on%20Tuesday,along%20the%20Indo%2DChina%20border.&text=These%20highways%20would%20now%20be,Paved%20Shoulder%20(DLPS)%20system.

2.    With reference to TheFood Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), consider the following statements:

1.    FSSAI is an autonomous statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act).
2.    The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the administrative Ministry of FSSAI.
3.    It has its Headquarters in Mumbai.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
●    Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act). Hence Statement 1 is correct
●    The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the administrative Ministry of FSSAI. Hence Statement 2 is correct
●    Headquarters: Delhi. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/disclose-all-ingredients-used-in-food-items-manufacturers-told/article37956257.ece

3.     Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) test is done to check adulteration in which of the following product?
(a) Honey
(b) Tea
(c) Chicken
(d) Brinjal
Explanation:
●    As per an investigation carried out by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), honey sold by several major brands in India has been found adulterated with sugar syrup.
●    Samples of 10 out of 13 brands, which were examined, failed to clear the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) test.
●    Honey samples from brands such as Dabur, Patanjali, Baidyanath, Zandu, Hitkari and Apis Himalaya, all failed the internationally accepted NMR test.
●    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is an analytical chemistry technique used in quality control & research.
●    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) can determine the content at the molecular level.
●    Hence NMR can be used to determine the purity of a sample as well as its molecular structure.
●    The NMR test is not required for honey that is being marketed locally but is needed for export.
●    Hence option (a) is correct.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/disclose-all-ingredients-used-in-food-items-manufacturers-told/article37956257.ece

4.    It borders China to the north, Laos to the west, and shares maritime borders with Thailand and the Philippines, and Malaysia through the South China Sea.
Identify which of the following Country is mentioned above?
(a) Vietnam
(b) Cambodia
(c) Indonesia
(d) Singapore
Explanation:
●     Vietnam borders China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, and shares maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia through the South China Sea. Its capital is Hanoi and its largest city is Ho Chi Minh City
●    Hence option (a) is correct.
 
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/vietnam-leader-visiting-india-today/article37956484.ece

5.     With reference to the Central Bureau of Investigation(CBI), consider the following statements:
1.    The establishment of the CBI was recommended by the Sarkaria Committee.
2.    The CBI is  a statutory body.
3.    It is the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigations on behalf of Interpol Member countries.
Which of the above given statements is/are incorrect?
(a)    1 and 2 only
(b)    2 and 3 only
(c)    1 and 3 only
(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation:
●    The CBI was set up in 1963 by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
●    The CBI comes under the administrative control of the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
●    The establishment of the CBI was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–1964). Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    The CBI is not a statutory body. It derives its powers from the DSPE Act, 1946. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.
●    The CBI is the main investigating agency of the Central Government.
●    It also provides assistance to the Central Vigilance Commission and Lokpal.
●    It is also the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigations on behalf of Interpol Member countries. Hence Statement 3 is correct.
●    Hence Option (a) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lok-sabha-passes-bills-to-extend-cbi-ed-directors-tenures-up-to-max-5-years/article37915325.ece