1.    Consider the following statements:

1.    Indonesia and Malaysia are major suppliers of palm oil, while Argentina and Brazil export soybean oil to India.
2.    India’s dependence on import of edible oils is nearly 65 per cent of the total consumption.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
According to Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA), Vegetable oil imports rise 6% in Nov at 11.73 lakh tonnes.
●    Indonesia and Malaysia are major suppliers of palm oil, while Argentina and Brazil export soybean oil to India. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    India’s dependence on import of edible oils is nearly 65 per cent of the total consumption of about 22-22.5 million tonnes. The country imports 13-15 million tonnes to bridge the gap between the demand and domestic supply.
●    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.financialexpress.com/market/commodities/vegetable-oil-imports-rise-6-in-nov-at-11-73-lakh-tonnes-sea/2387850/

2.    Consider the following statements on ̌Climate Finance:

1.    It is drawn from public, private and alternative sources of financing.
2.    To facilitate the provision of climate finance, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has established the financial mechanism to provide financial resources to all member countries.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Climate Finance
●    Climate finance refers to local, national or transnational financing—drawn from public, private and alternative sources of financing—that seeks to support mitigation and adaptation actions that will address climate change. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    To facilitate the provision of climate finance, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has established the financial mechanism to provide financial resources to developing country Parties.
●    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/home-truths-on-climate-change/article37947048.ece

3.    Which of the following  are Initiatives under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)?
1.    Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone
2.    Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
3.    Convention on the High Seas    
4.    Convention on the Continental Shelf

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Explanation:
●    UNCLOS is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea Treaty that defines the rights and responsibilities of nations towards the use of the world’s oceans.
●    The first Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS I) was held in the year 1956 at Geneva, Switzerland by the United Nations. This conference resulted in the following four treaties:
○    Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone
○    Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
○    Convention on the High Seas    
○    Convention on the Continental Shelf

 Hence option (d) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-committed-to-safeguarding-maritime-interests-and-strengthening-security-in-indian-ocean-region/article37945627.ece


4.    Which of the following  countries India shares maritime boundaries with ?
1.    Pakistan
2.    Thailand
3.    Indonesia
4.    Vietnam

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Explanation:
India shares maritime boundaries with the following countries:
●    Bangladesh    
●    Indonesia
●    Myanmar    
●    Sri Lanka
●    Thailand    
●    Maldives
●    Pakistan

 Hence option (c) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-committed-to-safeguarding-maritime-interests-and-strengthening-security-in-indian-ocean-region/article37945627.ece


5.    Consider the following statements on Collegium System for the Appointment of Judges:

1.    It is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the SC, by an Act of Parliament.
2.    Judges of the higher judiciary are appointed only through the collegium system and the government has a role only after names have been decided by the collegium.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Collegium System for the Appointment of Judges
●    It  is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the SC, and not by an Act of Parliament or by a provision of the Constitution.
●    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Judges of the higher judiciary are appointed only through the collegium system and the government has a role only after names have been decided by the collegium. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The government’s role is limited to getting an inquiry conducted by the Intelligence Bureau (IB) if a lawyer is to be elevated as a judge in a High Court or the Supreme Court.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/call-from-within-judiciary-to-change-collegium-system-rijiju/article37946768.ece