1.    Consider the following statements on Group of Seven (G7) Countries:

1.    All the G7 countries and India are a part of G20.
2.    The G7 does have a formal constitution and decisions taken by leaders during annual summits are binding.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    It is an intergovernmental organisation that was formed in 1975.
●    The bloc meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
●    The G7 countries are the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US.
●    All the G7 countries and India are a part of G20. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The G7 does not have a formal constitution or a fixed headquarters. The decisions taken by leaders during annual summits are non-binding.
●    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/g7-puts-up-united-front-against-russia/article37935334.ece

2.    Consider the following events:
1.    Jawaharlal Nehru moved the ‘Objective Resolution’.
2.    The National Flag of the Union was adopted.
3.    ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the National Anthem.
4.    The constitution came into force  which is celebrated as Republic Day.
Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the above events?
(a) 1-2-3-4
(b) 2-3-4-1
(c)  3-4-1-2
(d) 2-3-1-4
Explanation:
●    On 13 December 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru moved the ‘Objective Resolution’.
●    The National Flag of the Union was adopted on 22 July 1947.
●    On 24 January 1950, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the national anthem
●    The constitution came into force on 26 January 1950 (which is celebrated as Republic Day).
●    Hence Option (a) is correct.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-evolution-and-framing-of-the-constitution/article37940684.ece


3.    Match List I with List II:
    Jyotirlinga                             Location
A.    Mallikarjuna                     1. Ellora
B.    Mahakaleshwar                 2. Ujjain
C.    Baidyanath               3. Srisailam
D.    Grishneshwar           4. Deoghar
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
A   B  C  D
(a) 3  2  4  1
(b) 2  1  3  2
(c) 3  2  1  4
(d) 1  2  3 4
Explanation:
●    A jyotirlinga or Jyotirlingam is a representation of Shiva. It is a Sanskrit word which means " Radiance". The Shiva Purana mentions as many as 64 Jyotirlingas. Out of these 12 are called Mahajyotirlingam or the Great Jyotirlingas.
●    Hence Option (a) is correct.

Jyotirlinga    Location    State
Somnath    Veraval, Saurashtra    Gujarat
Mallikarjuna    Srisailam    Madhya Pradesh
Mahakaleshwar    Ujjain    Ujjain
Omkareshwara    Khandwa    Madhya Pradesh
Kedarnath    Kedarnath    Uttarakhand
Bhimashankar    Khed Taluka, Pune    Maharashtra
Vishweshwara    Varanasi    Uttar Pradesh
Trayambakeshwar    Trimbak    Maharashtra
Nageshwara    Jamnagar    Gujarat
Baidyanath    Deoghar    Jharkhand
Rameshwaram    Rameshwaram    Tamil Nadu
Grishneshwar    Ellora    Maharashtra

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-to-open-kashi-vishwanath-corridor-today/article37941370.ece


4.    Consider the following statements on Indo-Sri Lankan Accord:

1.    It sought to  address  contentious issues of people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka and Tamil minority rights in Sri Lanka.
2.    According to the terms of the accord, Sri Lankan forces would withdraw from the north and the Tamil rebels would disarm.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
About the Accord:
●    Signed in 1987, Popularly referred to as the Rajiv-Jayewardene Accord, after its architects Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and President J.R. Jayewardene.
●    It sought to collectively address all the three contentious issues between India and Sri Lanka: strategic interests, people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka and Tamil minority rights in Sri Lanka. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    This accord saw the induction of the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka.
●    According to the terms of the accord, Sri Lankan forces would withdraw from the north and the Tamil rebels would disarm. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The accord was expected to resolve the Sri Lankan Civil War by enabling the thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka and the Provincial Councils Act of 1987.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/sri-lanka-opposition-mps-representing-tamil-speaking-people-underscore-13th-amendment/article37940641.ece


5.    Consider the following statements on Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act:
1.    It has death penalty and life imprisonment as highest punishments.
2.    Under UAPA, It is not applicable to the offenders if crime is committed on a foreign land, outside India.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act:
●    Unlawful activity refers to any action taken by an individual or association intended to disrupt the territorial integrity and sovereignty of India.
●    The Act assigns absolute power to the central government, by way of which if the Centre deems an activity as unlawful then it may, by way of an Official Gazette, declare it so.
●    It has death penalty and life imprisonment as highest punishments. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Under UAPA, both Indian and foreign nationals can be charged. It will be applicable to the offenders in the same manner, even if crime is committed on a foreign land, outside India. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.
●    Under the UAPA, the investigating agency can file a charge sheet in maximum 180 days after the arrests and the duration can be extended further after intimating the court.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/analysissedition-cjis-observations-in-july-show-sc-has-taken-judicial-notice-of-misuse/article37938911.ece