1.    Consider the following:
1.    Ghagra
2.    Yamuna
3.    Rapti
4.    Banganga
5.    Ken

Which of the following rivers are connected in the Saryu Canal National project ?
(a)    1, 2 and 3 only
(b)    1, 3 and 4 only
(c)    2 and 5 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation:
●    The Saryu Canal project is the biggest in Uttar Pradesh.
●    It will benefit some 25-30 lakh farmers across nine eastern UP districts.
●    Canal will reduce the risk of floods in several flood-prone areas of the region.
●    The irrigated area under the project will be 4.04 lakh hectares.
●    Under this project, five rivers namely Ghagra, Rapti, Banganga, Saryu and Rohini, have been connected.
Hence, Option (b) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/modi-inaugurates-saryu-canal-project-in-ups-balrampur/article37931643.ece?__cf_chl_captcha_tk__=9uMpXk38GzjvwZPWsHCdi_4GP1i9JMeld7dtM_X_tX0-1639488584-0-gaNycGzNHf0

2. Consider the following statements on Chakmas and Hajongs Community:

1.    Chakmas and Hajongs were originally residents of the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
2.    They  possess  both citizenship and land rights.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    Chakmas and Hajongs were originally residents of the Chittagong Hill Tracts of erstwhile East Pakistan, who had to flee when their land was submerged by the Kaptai dam project in the 1960s.
●    Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Chakmas and Hajongs entered India through the then Lushai Hills district of Assam (now Mizoram).
●    Within the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the Chakmas are the largest ethnic group and make up half of the region's population.
●    Hajongs are predominantly rice farmers.
●    At present, they do not possess citizenship and land rights, but are provided basic amenities by the state government. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/pmo-takes-note-of-chakma-hajong-census-in-arunachal/article37932538.ece

3. Consider the following:
1.    Sorghum
2.    Sesamum
3.    Maize
4.    lentil
5.    linseed


Which of the following crops are covered under Minimum Support Price (MSP)?
(a)    1, 2 and 3 only
(b)    1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(c)    2 and 5 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation:
●    As of now, CACP recommends MSPs of 23 commodities, which comprise
○     7 cereals
■    Paddy,
■    wheat,
■    maize,
■    sorghum,
■    pearl
■    millet,
■    barley and
■    ragi,
○    5 pulses
■    Gram,
■    tur,
■    moong,
■    urad,
■    lentil,
○    7 oilseeds
■    groundnut,
■    rapeseed-mustard,
■    soyabean,
■    sesamum,
■    Sunflower,
■    safflower,
■    nigerseed, and
○    4 commercial crops
■    Copra,
■    sugarcane,
■    cotton and
■    raw jute.

Hence, Option (b) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/crop-diversification-impossible-without-guaranteed-msp-say-punjab-farmers/article37933035.ece?__cf_chl_captcha_tk__=FZvcf2K39dBaWklhpSk5iO88XasdVfaJWyMpKR5kK0k-1639491200-0-gaNycGzNHmU


4.    ‘Operation Save Kurma’, recently seen in the news, is related to which of the following?
(a)    A humanitarian assistance aimed to supply relief packages to Bangladesh for migrant Rohingya Muslims.
(b)    Species specific operation on turtles.
(c)    Rescue, and relief operation in flood-hit Kerala
(d)    First pan indian operation to crackdown  on the smuggling of mongoose hair in the country

Explanation:
●    The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau  had launched operation “Save Kurma” from December 2016 to January 2017 to focus on the poaching, transportation and illegal trade of live turtles and tortoises.
●    Under it a total of 15,739 live turtles were recovered from 45 suspects, having inter-state linkages.
●    It helped the enforcement agencies to focus on the existing trade routes and major trade hubs in the country, which will be continued in future.
●    Hence, Option (b) is correct.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kolkata/2054-cases-registered-for-killing-trafficking-of-wild-animals/article37934115.ece#:~:text=Between%202018%20and%202020%20about,were%20arrested%20for%20the%20crime.

5.    Consider the following statements on the Group of Seven (G7) Countries :
1.    All the G7 countries and India are a part of G20.
2.    The G7 does have a formal constitution and decisions taken by leaders during annual summits are binding.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    It is an intergovernmental organisation that was formed in 1975.
●    The bloc meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
●    The G7 countries are the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US.
●    All the G7 countries and India are a part of G20. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The G7 does not have a formal constitution or a fixed headquarters. The decisions taken by leaders during annual summits are non-binding.
●    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/g7-puts-up-united-front-against-russia/article37935334.ece