1.    Consider the following statements on Punishment for the Offence of Sedition:

1.    Sedition is a bailable offence.
2.    Punishment under the Section 124A ranges from imprisonment up to three years to a life term, to which fine may be added.
3.    A person charged under this law is barred from a government job and they have to live without their passport.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    Sedition is a non-bailable offence.  Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Punishment under the Section 124A ranges from imprisonment up to three years to a life term, to which fine may be added.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    A person charged under this law is barred from a government job.
●    They have to live without their passport and must produce themselves in the court at all times as and when required. Hence Statement 3 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/no-proposal-to-scrap-section-124-of-ipc-govt/article37926732.ece?__cf_chl_captcha_tk__=bPDAothFSa6HS6rRYMp4uJqXVIvhTWHm3XY8rGL_bzs-1639476593-0-gaNycGzNHdE

2.    Consider the following:
1.    Volatile organic compound
2.    Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
3.    PM10
4.    PM2.5
5.    Sulfur Oxides (SOx)

Which of the following toxic pollutants are emitted during Open stubble burning?
(a)    1, 2 and 5 only
(b)    1, 3 and 4 only
(c)    1, 2 and 5 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation:
●    Stubble burning has been reckoned among the major contributors of air pollution especially in South Asia.
●    It is a significant source of gaseous pollutants such as, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), Volatile organic compound (VOC) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, sulfur oxides (SOx), and methane (CH4) as well as particulate matters (PM10 and PM2.5) causing serious damage to human health and the environment.
Hence, Option (d) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-looking-to-use-stubble-as-biofuel-minister/article37927354.ece


3.    Consider the following statements on Goods and Services Tax (GST):

1.    GST is applicable on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services.
2.    GST is based on the principle of origin-based taxation.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    GST is applicable on ‘supply’ of goods or services as against the old concept on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    GST is based on the principle of destination-based consumption taxation as against the present principle of origin-based taxation. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/goods-and-services-tax-as-an-unfinished-agenda/article37928330.ece

4.    Consider the following statements on Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana:

1.    The girl child should be less than 14 years old at the time of account opening.
2.    Only parents or legal guardians of the girl child can open a Sukanya Samriddhi account in the name of the girl.
3.    There can be only one account per child under the Scheme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
The eligibility criteria for opening an account under Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana are as follows:
●    The girl child should be less than 10 years old at the time of account opening which will be operative till the girl reaches the age of 21 years. .  Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Only parents or legal guardians of the girl child can open a Sukanya Samriddhi account in the name of the girl. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The initial investment for opening an account is Rs. 250 which can reach a maximum amount of Rs. 1,50,000 annually with further deposits in the multiples of Rs. 100.
●    There can be only one account per child under the Sukanya Samridhhi Yojana.  Hence Statement 3 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/beti-bachao-beti-padhao-whopping-80-of-funds-spent-on-media-campaigns-says-parliamentary-committee/article37922778.ece


5.    Consider the following statements on,  International Solar Alliance (ISA):

1.    It is an initiative that was launched by India and France
2.    ISA is the nodal agency for implementing One Sun One World One Grid
3.    The US is not a Member of the Alliance.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
International Solar Alliance (ISA):
●    The ISA is an intergovernmental treaty-based organisation with a global mandate to catalyse solar growth by helping to reduce the cost of financing and technology.
●    It is an Indian initiative that was launched by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30th November 2015 in Paris, France on the side-lines of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP-21), with 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between the tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn as prospective members. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    ISA is the nodal agency for implementing One Sun One World One Grid (OSOWOG), which seeks to transfer solar power generated in one region to feed the electricity demands of others.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    It includes a total of 101 members, after being joined by the US. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.



Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/observer-status-granted-to-international-solar-alliance/article37927868.ece#:~:text=The%20UN%20General%20Assembly%20has,global%20energy%20growth%20and%20development.