1.    Regarding the Bird Flu also known as Avian influenza (AI), consider the following statements:

1.    Avian influenza (AI), is a highly contagious Bacterial disease.
2.    Avian Influenza type A viruses are classified based on two proteins on their surfaces Hemagglutinin(HA) and Neuraminidase(NA).
     3.  Only birds may contract Avian Influenza.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    Bird flu, also known as Avian influenza (AI), is a highly contagious viral disease affecting several species of food-producing birds (chickens, turkeys, quails, guinea fowl, etc.) as well as pet birds and wild birds. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Avian Influenza type A viruses are classified based on two proteins on their surfaces – Hemagglutinin(HA) and Neuraminidase(NA). There are about 18 HA subtypes and 11 NA subtypes. Several combinations of these two proteins are possible e.g., H5N1, H7N2, H9N6, H17N10, etc. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    Occasionally mammals, including humans, may contract Avian Influenza.  Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/bird-flu-confirmed-in-ducks-in-alappuzha/article37914382.ece


2. Regarding the World Organization for Animal Health(OIE), consider the following statements:

1.    It is recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO), for improving Animal Health.
2.    India is a member country.
3.    It is headquartered in Paris, France.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
●    The OIE is an intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide and recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO). Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    In 2018, it had a total of 182 Member Countries. India is a member country. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    It is headquartered in Paris, France. Hence Statement 3 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/bird-flu-confirmed-in-ducks-in-alappuzha/article37914382.ece

3.    Consider the following:
1.    Siroco
2.    Foehn
3.    Purga
4.    Bora
5.    Khamsin

Which of the following are Hot and Dry Winds?
(a)    1, 2 and 3 only
(b)    1, 3 and 4 only
(c)    2 and 5 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation:
●    Chinook (Snow eaters) - Hot, dry wind - The Rockies mountains
●    Foehn - Hot, dry wind - The Alps
●    Khamsin - Hot, dry wind - Egypt
●    Siroco - Hot, moist wind - Sahara to the Mediterranean Sea
●    Bora - Cold, dry wind     - Blows from Hungary to North Italy
●    Purga - Cold wind - Russia
Hence, Option (c) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/more-cyclones-in-arabian-sea-in-recent-years/article37917633.ece


4.    With reference to World Gold Council (WGC), consider the following statements:

1.    The World Gold Council (WGC) is a nonprofit association of the world's leading gold producers.
2.    It has its Headquarters in London.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2


Explanation:
●    The World Gold Council (WGC) is a nonprofit association of the world's leading gold producers.  Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Headquartered in London, the WGC covers the markets which comprise about three-quarters of the world's annual gold consumption.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    It is a market development organization for the gold industry which includes 25 members and many gold mining companies as well.
●    The WGC was established to promote the use of and demand for gold through marketing, research and lobbying.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/imports-made-up-86-of-2016-20-india-gold-supply/article37917284.ece

5.    consider the following statements:

1.    WPI tracks  inflation at the producer level and CPI captures changes in prices levels at the consumer level.
2.    WPI does not capture changes in the prices of services, which CPI does.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2


Explanation:
●    Inflation measures the average price change in a basket of commodities and services over time.
●    WPI tracks inflation at the producer level and CPI captures changes in prices levels at the consumer level. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    WPI does not capture changes in the prices of services, which CPI does.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    Inflation is indicative of the decrease in the purchasing power of a unit of a country’s currency.
●    This could ultimately lead to a deceleration in economic growth.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/indias-retail-inflation-likely-accelerated-in-nov-to-51/article37916985.ece#:~:text=The%20December%206%2D8%20poll,for%20a%20fifth%20consecutive%20month.