1.     The ‘ Cheruthoni Dam, recently seen in the news, is located on which river ?
(a)    Godaveri  River
(b)    Periyar River
(c)    Krishna River
(d)    Cauvery River

Explanation:
●    The Cheruthoni Dam, located in Idukki District, Kerala, India.
●    Cheruthoni Dam is located 1 km west of Idukki dam.
●     The Idukki Dam is a double curvature arch dam constructed across Periyar River in a narrow gorge between two granite hills and is the tallest double curvature arch dam in Asia.
●    Construction of Cheruthoni Dam, Idukki Arch Dam and Kulamavu Dam created an artificial lake of 60 km2 and the water stored, is used for electricity generation at the Idukki power station.
●    Hence, Option (b) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/kerala-opens-shutter-of-cheruthoni-dam-in-idukki-after-water-crosses-blue-alert-level/article37884981.ece

2.    Regarding the Model Code of Conduct by Election Commission, consider the following statements:

1.    The scheme provides specific interventions targeted towards the vulnerable groups including children below 14  years and women.
2.    The MCC is operational from the date on which the election schedule is announced until the date of result announcement.
     3.  Article 326 of the Constitution,gives the Election Commission the power to conduct elections to the Parliament and state legislatures.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    The scheme provides specific interventions targeted towards the vulnerable groups including children below 6 years and women. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    The MCC is operational from the date on which the election schedule is announced until the date of result announcement. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    This is in keeping with Article 324 of the Constitution, which gives the Election Commission the power to conduct and supervise elections to the Parliament and state legislatures. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ec-warns-2-telangana-officers-for-clear-violation-of-model-code-of-conduct/article37884084.ece

3.    With reference to ‘The Anti-Retroviral Therapy’, consider the following statements:

1.    It is a combination of daily medications that stop the virus from reproducing.
2.    It reduces the risk of transmission of HIV.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    It is a combination of daily medications that stop the virus from reproducing.  Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The therapy helps in protecting CD4 cells thus keeping the immune system strong enough to fight off the disease. .
●    It, besides reducing the risk of transmission of HIV, also helps in stopping its progression to AIDS (a spectrum of conditions caused by infection due to HIV). Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/new-research-finds-that-hydrogen-sulphide-suppresses-hiv-infection/article37879366.ece

4.    Regarding  Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0,  consider the following statements:

1.    SBM-U 2.0 aims to eliminate garbage from all cities including those covered by AMRUT.
2.    It aims  to make all urban local bodies ODF+.
     3. The Mission will concentrate on solid waste source segregation, leveraging the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    SBM-U 2.0 aims to eliminate garbage from all cities except those covered by AMRUT. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    It aims  to make all urban local bodies ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh ODF++, and to achieve the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The Mission will concentrate on solid waste source segregation, leveraging the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste, and remediation of legacy dumpsites for successful solid waste management. Hence Statement 3 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/being-free-of-old-waste/article37887832.ece


5.    Consider the following statements:

1.    China’s exports rose 21.4% to $325.5 billion in November.
2.    Export growth decelerated from October’s 27.1% pace.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    China’s exports rose 21.4% to $325.5 billion in November but growth slowed, while imports accelerated in a sign of stronger domestic demand. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Export growth decelerated from October’s 27.1% pace,as per customs data.
●    Imports surged 31.7% to $253.8 billion, faster than the previous month’s 20.6% rate. Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/chinas-export-growth-slows-imports-quicken-on-demand/article37889683.ece#:~:text=China's%20exports%20rose%2021.4%25%20to,the%20previous%20month's%2020.6%25%20rate.