1.    Who among the following has written the book ‘Pakistan Or Partition Of India’ ?

(a)    Rabindranath Tagore
(b)    Mahatma Gandhi
(c)    Lala Rajpat Rai
(d)    DR. BR Ambedkar

Explanation:
Following are some famous books written by Dr. Ambedkar;
●     Mook Nayak (weekly).
●    The Problem of the Rupee: its origin and its solution.
●    Federation Versus Freedom.
●    Thoughts on Pakistan.
●    Pakistan Or Partition Of India
●    Buddha Or Karl Marx
●    Hence, Option (d) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/govt-to-celebrate-ambedkars-legacy/article37875890.ece

2.    Regarding  Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, consider the following statements:

1.    It aims to provide a package of six services
2. It is being implemented by the Ministry of health and family welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
●    It provides a package of six services namely supplementary nutrition, pre-school non-formal education, nutrition & health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    It is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-way-to-tackle-malnutrition/article37874294.ece


3.    Regarding Urban Local Bodies, consider the following statements:
1.    Government of India Act, 1935 introduced provincial autonomy and local self-government was declared as a provincial subject.
2. Article 243Q mentions the Nagar Panchayat.
3. 72nd Amendment Act, 1992 is a landmark step of the Government of India to strengthen local self-government in cities and towns.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:

●    Government of India Act, 1935 introduced provincial autonomy and local self-government was declared as a provincial subject. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Article 243Q mentions about the Constitution of Municipalities i.e. Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Council and Municipal Corporation. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 is a landmark step of the Government of India to strengthen local self-government in cities and towns. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sc-stays-polls-for-obc-seats-in-maharashtra-local-bodies/article37873298.ece

4.    With reference to ‘Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)’, consider the following statements:

1.    A disturbed area is one which is declared by notification under Section 3 of the AFSPA.
2.    Only the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    A disturbed area is one which is declared by notification under Section 3 of the AFSPA. An area can be disturbed due to differences or disputes between members of different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities.Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The Central Government, or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/nagaland-killings-underline-afspa-pitfalls/article37868033.ece

5. Consider the following:

1.    United Nations (UN) Convention on Narcotic Drugs
2.    UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances
3.    UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
4.    UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 2000.

India is signatory to which of the following International treaties and conventions to combat the menace of Drug Abuse ?

(a)    1, 2 and 3 only
(b)    1, 3 and 4 only
(c)    2 and 3 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4

Explanation:
India is signatory of the following International treaties and conventions to combat the menace of Drug Abuse
○    United Nations (UN) Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961)
○    UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971).
○    UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988)
○    UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) 2000.
Hence, Option (d) is correct.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parliament-proceedings-bill-to-correct-drafting-error-in-ndps-act-introduced-in-lok-sabha/article37864503.ece