1.    Consider the following pairs:

Villages    Cultural Mapping
1.    Choglamsar and Wanla, Ladakh    -    wood carving
2.    Reni village, Uttarakhand    -    Chipko movement
3.    Thiruchigadi, Tamil Nadu    -    a village of women potters

Which of the above pair(s) is/are matched correctly?

(a)    1 only
(b)    1 and 2 only
(c)    2 and 3 only
(d)    1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
●    Recently, Culture mapping of 80 villages associated with noted personalities in history, in particular the freedom movement, unique crafts and festivals has been started as a pilot project.
●    Its aim is to create a database related to our villages and the culture, customs and traditions.
●    From Ladakh, the pilot project included Choglamsar and Wanla villages, known for wood carving. Hence, pair 1 is correctly matched.
●    Khatkar Kalan village in Punjab, which has a memorial of Bhagat Singh;
●    Reni village of Uttarakhand, where the Chipko movement started; and Kathputli Colony in Delhi, known for the “migrant kathputli artists”, are on the list.  Hence, pair 2 is correctly matched.
●    Two villages in Tamil Nadu — Ettayapuram (the birthplace of poet Subramania
●    Bharathi) and Thiruchigadi (a village of “women potters”) — are also on the list. Hence, pair 3 is correctly matched.


Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/culture-mapping-of-80-villages-kicks-off/article37842557.ece

2.    With reference to The Public Accounts Committee (PAC), consider the following statements:

1.    Parliamentary committees draw their authority from Article 118.
2.    The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Prime Minister.
3.    The Committee's decisions are binding in nature.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    Parliamentary committees draw their authority from Article 105 (on privileges of Parliament members) and Article 118 (on Parliament’s authority to make rules for regulating its procedure and conduct of business). Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Speaker of Lok Sabha. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.
●    The Committee, not being an executive body, can only make decisions that are advisory by nature. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/public-accounts-committee-completes-100-years/article37844844.ece

3.    With reference to The statutory bail, consider the following statements:

1.    It is a right to bail that accrues when the police fail to complete investigation within a specified period in respect of a person in judicial custody.
2.    This is enshrined in Section 167(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure where it is not possible for the police to complete an investigation in 24 hours.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    Also known as  default baill, this is a right to bail that accrues when the police fail to complete investigation within a specified period in respect of a person in judicial custody. Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    
●    This is enshrined in Section 167(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure where it is not possible for the police to complete an investigation in 24 hours, the police produce the suspect in court and seek orders for either police or judicial custody.
●    This section concerns the total period up to which a person may be remanded in custody prior to filing of charge sheet. Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/explained-when-can-an-individual-get-statutory-bail/article37846868.ece#:~:text=Default%20or%20statutory%20bail%20is,days%20spent%20in%20house%2Darrest.


4.    Regarding the Hallmark Unique Identification (HUID), consider the following statements:
1.    HUID is a Four digit alphanumeric code, or one that consists of numbers and letters  given to every piece of jewellery at the time of hallmarking.
2.    The hallmark consists of three symbols which give some information about the jewellery piece
     3. In HUID­based hallmarking, registration of jewellers is an automatic process with
no human interference

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Explanation:
●    HUID is a six digit alphanumeric code, or one that consists of numbers and letters. It is given to every piece of jewellery at the time of hallmarking and is unique for each piece. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    Jewellery is stamped with the unique number manually at the Assaying & Hallmarking (A&H) centre. The hallmark consists of three symbols which give some information about the jewellery piece. The first symbol is the BIS logo; the second indicates purity and fineness; and the third symbol is the HUID.  Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    In HUID­based hallmarking, registration of jewellers is an automatic process with no human interference. In addition to its role in authentication, it also helps check malpractice by members of the trade.Hence Statement 3 is correct.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/explained-how-is-hallmarking-being-implemented/article37847127.ece#:~:text=The%20Government%20has%20made%20it%20mandatory%20to%20sell%20hallmarked%20jewellery,least%20one%20Assaying%20%26%20Hallmarking%20centre.&text=More%20than%20one%20lakh%20jewellers,hallmarked%20with%20the%20HUID%20number.

5.    Consider the following:
 
1.    Muthirapuzha
2.    Mullayar
3.    Cheruthoni
4.    Ong
5.    Bhima
6.    Sheonath

Which of the following are important tributaries of River Periyar ?
(a)    1, 2 and 3 only
(b)    1, 3 and 4 only
(c)    2 and 5 only
(d)    1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation:
Tributaries of Periyar River
●    Muthirapuzha, Mullayar, Cheruthoni, Perinjankutti.
Hence, Option (a) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/explained-what-is-the-debate-on-the-dam-safety-bill/article37846798.ece