1. Which of the following shares a border with Afghanistan?
1. Iran
2. Tajikistan
3. Armenia
4. Kazakhstan

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Explanation:
Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south (including a short border with Pakistani-controlled Gilgit–Baltistan, a territory claimed by India), Iran to the west, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, and Tajikistan and China to the northeast. Hence option (a) is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pakistan-says-afghan-trucks-can-carry-indian-aid-to-afghanistan/article37826613.ece


2. Consider the following statements on Poshan Tracker:

1.    The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for pregnant women and lactating mothers only.
2.    It aims to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
The Poshan Tracker, known as the ICDS-CAS (Integrated Child Development Services-Common Application Software).
●    This real-time monitoring system is one of the key pillars of Poshan Abhiyan or Nutrition Mission approved by the Union Cabinet in November 2017 with a financial outlay of ₹9,000 crore for three years.
●    The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.  Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022. Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/analysis-1000-crore-spent-on-poshan-tracker-but-where-is-the-data/article37822823.ece

3. With reference to Question Hour in the parliament, consider the following statements:

1.    The last hour of every parliamentary sitting is slotted for the Question Hour.
2.    The questions can also be asked to the private members.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is slotted for the Question Hour.  Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.
●    The questions can also be asked to the private members (MPs who are not ministers). Hence Statement 2 is correct.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/decision-on-covid-booster-dose-or-jabs-for-children-should-be-based-on-science-union-health-minister/article37825982.ece


4.    Consider the following statements on Non Performing Assets in India:

1.    In the period from 2004 to 2009, there was a huge growth in the economy, which led to firms taking aggressive bank loans.
2.    Most of the investment was in infrastructure sectors like roads, power, aviation, steel.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c)    Both 1 and 2
(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
●    In the period from 2004 to 2009, there was a huge growth in the economy, which led to firms taking bank loans very aggressively.  Hence Statement 1 is correct.
●    Most of the investment was in infrastructure sectors like roads, power, aviation, steel. Hence Statement 2 is correct.
●    The banning of mining projects, delay in environmental permits, led to a rise in prices of raw materials and a big gap in demand and supply thereby affecting the power, steel, and iron industries. This affected the capacity of the companies to repay the loans to banks which resulted in Non-Performing Assets (NPA).

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/nbfcs-bad-loans-may-rise-on-rbi-norms/article37830292.ece

5.     With reference to India’s biodiversity, ‘Chocolate ­bordered Flitter’, a newly discovered Species is:
(a) Birds
(b) Primates
(c) Reptiles
(d) Insects
Explanation:
●    The new species of butterfly, now named the Chocolate-bordered Flitter, also carries the scientific name Zographetus dzonguensis, after Dzongu in north Sikkim, the place where it was discovered.
●    Its closest relatives are Zographetus pangi in Guangdong, and Zographetus hainanensis in Hainan, both in southeastern China, close to Hong Kong
●    It is mentioned on the ‘Butterflies of India’ website which is maintained by the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bengaluru.  Hence option (d) is correct.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/shutterbug-leads-to-a-pretty-find-in-sikkim/article37833974.ece