1. With respect to the Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), consider the following statements:
1. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants, animals or microorganisms) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination.
2. One of the objectives for developing plants based on GM organisms is to improve crop protection.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants, animals or microorganisms) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination. The technology is often called “modern biotechnology” or “gene technology”, sometimes also “recombinant DNA technology” or “genetic engineering”. It allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between nonrelated species. Foods produced from or using GM organisms are often referred to as GM foods.
Statement 2 is correct: GM foods are developed – and marketed – because there is some perceived advantage either to the producer or consumer of these foods. This is meant to translate into a product with a lower price, greater benefit (in terms of durability or nutritional value) or both. Initially GM seed developers wanted their products to be accepted by producers and have concentrated on innovations that bring direct benefit to farmers (and the food industry generally).
One of the objectives for developing plants based on GM organisms is to improve crop protection. The GM crops currently on the market are mainly aimed at an increased level of crop protection through the introduction of resistance against plant diseases caused by insects or viruses or through increased tolerance towards herbicides.
Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/food-genetically-modified
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/plugging-the-leak-the-hindu-editorial-on-the-gm-rice-controversy/article37098701.ece

2. Which among the following are centres of the Buddhist tourist circuit?

1.    Lumbini
2.    Sarnath
3.    Bodhgaya

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi  inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh, which will help connect key Buddhist pilgrimage sites.
Kushinagar is an important Buddhist pilgrim destination, and is believed to be the final resting place of Gautam Buddha. It is also at the centre of a Buddhist tourist circuit, which includes Lumbini (Nepal), Sarnath and Bodhgaya.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-inaugurates-uttar-pradeshs-kushinagar-international-airport/article37083743.ece


3. Who is responsible for the supervision of the functioning of Fair Price Shops (FPIs)?

(a)    Central Government
(b)    State Government
(c)    Both (a) and (b)
(d)    None of the above

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

●    The Public distribution system (PDS) is an Indian food Security System established under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution.
●    PDS evolved as a system of management of scarcity through distribution of food grains at affordable prices.
●    The Central Government, through Food Corporation of India (FCI), has assumed the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of food grains to the State Governments.
●    The operational responsibilities including allocation within the State, identification of eligible families, issue of Ration Cards and supervision of the functioning of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) etc., rest with the State Governments.
●    Under the PDS, presently the commodities namely wheat, rice, sugar and kerosene are being allocated to the States/UTs for distribution. Some States/UTs also distribute additional items of mass consumption through the PDS outlets such as pulses, edible oils, iodized salt, spices, etc.

Source: https://nfsa.gov.in/portal/PDS_page
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/open-fair-price-shop-in-baprola-so-that-poor-are-served-well-hc/article37100486.ece


4. India shares ‘Line of Actual Control (LAC)’ with which country?

(a)    Pakistan
(b)    China
(c) Myanmar
(d) Bangladesh

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

The Army has significantly augmented its firepower along the 1300-km-long Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Eastern sector, while also beefing up overall defences in the region, especially in the Tawang sector, by integrating various services in realtime through automation.
LAC is between India and China.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/army-strengthens-fire-power-along-lac/article37098446.ece


5. Recently, which country has assured India of continued energy supplies?

(a)    Saudi Arabia
(b)    Iran
(c) US
(d) UAE

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) vowed to meet India’s growing energy demand, saying it will remain the nation’s trusted partner of choice.
Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber said the UAE is investing across its energy supply chain to remain a reliable energy provider to India and the world.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/uae-minister-assures-energy-supplies-to-india/article37101189.ece