1.    With regard to Dengue, consider the following statements:

1.    Dengue is a bacterial disease.
2.    Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti.
3.    These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years.
Statement 2 and 3 is correct: Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus. These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and unplanned rapid urbanization.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/as-cases-surge-city-reports-this-years-first-dengue-death/article37063575.ece#:~:text=The%20Capital%20reported%20243%20dengue,September%20at%20a%20private%20hospital.


2. With respect to the Governor, consider the following statements:

1.    A governor is a nominal head of a state.
2.    The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President.
3.    The same person can be the Governor of two or more states.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(b)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Governors of States in India (Article 152-162):
●    A governor is a nominal head of a state, unlike the Chief Minister who is the real head of a state in India.
●    According to the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act 1956, the same person can be the Governor of two or more states.
●    The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/meghalaya-governor-offers-to-mediate-with-farmers/article37063485.ece


3. Recently, which country agreed to resume long-pending negotiations on a free trade agreement with India?

(a)    Israel
(b)    Saudi Arabia
(c) Indonesia
(d) Brazil

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
India and Israel agreed to resume long-pending negotiations on a free trade agreement, as External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar met his Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid in Jerusalem.
Both also joined a virtual quadrilateral meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken and UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed .
During the bilateral talks, Mr. Jaishankar, who was meeting the recently installed Israeli Government for the first time, said he was confident that the India-Israel relationship, which would enter its 30th year, would “shift gears into a new phase”.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/fta-talks-back-on-track-as-jaishankar-israeli-counterpart-meet/article37058984.ece


4. With regard to Kushinagar, consider the following statements:

1.    Gautama Buddha delivered his last sermon and attained Mahaparinirvana’ at Kushinagar.
2.    A new airport has opened in Kushinagar.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)    1 only
(b)    2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
When Prime Minister Narendra Modi declares open the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh on October 20, a sizeable Sri Lankan contingent, led by a member of the first family, will be present.

The airport is expected to provide seamless connectivity to tourists from Sri Lanka, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore and so on. Kushinagar is the centre of the Buddhist circuit, which consists of pilgrimage sites at Lumbini, Sarnath and Gaya. Buddhist pilgrims consider Kushinagar a sacred site where, they believe, Gautama Buddha delivered his last sermon and attained Mahaparinirvana or salvation.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/large-sri-lankan-contingent-to-attend-kushinagar-airport-opening/article37056069.ece


5. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) comes under which ministry?

(a)    Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
(b) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
(c) Ministry of Tribal Affairs
(d) Ministry of Culture

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ministry of Culture is the premier organization for archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides, it regulates all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/2016-panel-to-study-indian-culture-did-not-submit-report-asi/article37060512.ece