1. The exercise ‘Yudh Abhyas’ is practiced between which two countries?
(a) India-US
(b) India-UK
(c) India-Russia
(d) India-France
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
The 17th edition of the India-U.S. bilateral exercise, Yudh Abhyas 2021, got under way at the Joint Base Elmendorf Richardson, Alaska, U.S., with the two sides set to hone their skills in counter-terror operations in mountainous terrain and cold climate conditions.
Interestingly, this is the only India-U.S. service exercise continuing in bilateral format.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/yudh-abhyas-2021-india-us-militaries-match-skills-in-alaska/article37036882.ece

2. Punjab shares its borders with which other Indian states?
1. Rajasthan
2. Jammu & Kashmir
3. Uttarakhand
4. Himachal Pradesh
5. Haryana
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
(d) All the above
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Punjab is one of the most agriculturally advanced state in India and it is the main stay of Punjab's economy. Punjab is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/navjot-singh-sidhu-touts-his-punjab-model-in-letter-to-sonia-gandhi/article37035955.ece

3. The ‘e-Shram portal’ is associated with:
(a) Creating a national database of unorganised workers.
(b) Creating a national database of organised workers.
(c) Creating a database for submission of loan application by MSMEs.
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Over four crore unorganised sector workers had been registered on the e-Shram portal in under two months of its launch.
Marking the milestone, once registered on the portal, the unorganised workers would be able to access the benefits of various welfare schemes easily.
The portal was launched on August 26 with the aim of creating a national database of unorganised workers. As on October 17 morning, the portal (eshram.gov.in), showed 4.15 crore registrations.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/over-four-crore-workers-registered-on-e-shram-portal-in-under-two-months/article37035051.ece

4. Recently, which country’s military has carried out its first-ever test of a “nuclear capable hypersonic missile?
(a) Saudi Arabia
(b) Iran
(c) China
(d) North Korea
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
China’s military has carried out its first-ever test of a “nuclear capable hypersonic missile”, according to a report on October 17.
The missile in August “circled the globe before speeding towards its target, demonstrating an advanced space capability that caught U.S. intelligence by surprise,” the Financial Times reported.
The newspaper quoted five people familiar with the test as saying the Chinese military launched a rocket that carried a hypersonic glide vehicle “which flew through low-orbit space before cruising down towards its target.”
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-tested-nuclear-capable-hypersonic-missile-in-august-says-report/article37034773.ece

5. Recently in news, ‘Kottayam’ and ‘Idukki’, belongs to which Indian state?
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Karnataka
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Kerala
Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The death toll in rain-related incidents in Kerala rose to 27, with the recovery of more bodies from the landslip-ravaged areas of Kottayam and Idukki districts.
While the State experienced a marked reduction in rain, Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan advised continued caution as the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecast widespread rain again. The disaster management machinery in the State would function round the clock, he said, urging the public to avoid unnecessary travel.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/kerala-rain-death-toll-at-27-kottayam-idukki-worst-hit/article37044318.ece