1. With respect to System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR), consider the following statements:
1. It is introduced by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
2. The system is indigenously developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM).
3. It measures the air quality of a metropolitan city, by measuring the overall pollution level and the location-specific air quality of the city.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Under the plan scheme “Metropolitan Advisories for Cities for Sports, Tourism (Metropolitan Air Quality and Weather Services), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Govt. of India, has introduced a major national initiative, "System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research" known as "SAFAR".
Statement 2 and 3 are correct: SAFAR was introduced for greater metropolitan cities of India to provide location specific information on air quality in near real time and its forecast 1-3 days in advance for the first time in India. It has been combined with the early warning system on weather parameters. The SAFAR system is developed by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, along with ESSO partner institutions namely India Meteorological Department (IMD) and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF). The implementation of SAFAR is made possible with an active collaboration with local municipal corporations and various local educational institutions and governmental agencies in that Metro city.
Source: http://safar.tropmet.res.in/ABOUT%20SAFAR-1-2-Details
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/air-quality-falls-to-poor-level-in-delhi/article37032704.ece

2. The Sabrimala Temple is situated inside which tiger reserve?
(a) Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
(b) Periyar Tiger Reserve
(c) Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
(d) Anamalai Tiger Reserve
Explanation: Option (b) is correct
The Sabarimala Temple is a temple complex located at Sabarimala hill inside the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Perinad Village, Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, India.
Sabarimala, one of the most famous pilgrim centres in India, is situated on the mountain ranges of the Western Ghats and is 72 km from Pathanamthitta town in Kerala. The temple here is dedicated to Sree Ayyappa. Pilgrim season is from November to mid- January.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/ayyappa-temple-opens-for-monthly-rituals/article37028144.ece

3. With regard to the ‘Chief Wildlife Warden’, consider the following statements:
1. They are constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
2. The district /local governments appoint a Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) who heads the wildlife wing of the department and exercises complete administrative control over Protected Areas (PAs) within a state.   
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
According to the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, the State government is supposed to appoint Chief Wildlife Warden, Wildlife Wardens and Honorary Wildlife Wardens. “The tenure is for two years but extendable. Under the Act, they can be involved in seizures, searches, identification of new conservation areas, etc.
The Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) is the statutory authority, under the Wildlife Protection Act, who heads the Wildlife Wing of the department and exercises complete administrative control over Protected Areas (PAs) within a state.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/tiger-mdt23-captured-after-22-day-long-search/article37003076.ece

4. Global Hunger Index (GHI) is measured by which among the following factors?
1. Undernourishment
2. Child Wasting
3. Child Stunting
4. Child Mortality

Select the correct answer using the codes:  a
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Explanation:
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool that measures and tracks hunger globally as well as by region and by country, prepared by European NGOs of Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.
For each country in the list, the Global Hunger Index (GHI), looks at four indicators:
1.    Undernourishment (which reflects inadequate food availability): calculated by the share of the population that is undernourished (that is, whose caloric intake is insufficient).
2.    Child Wasting: calculated by the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, those who have low weight for their height).
3.    Child Stunting: calculated by the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (that is, those who have low height for their age).
4.    Child Mortality: calculated by the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/global-hunger-index-not-based-on-an-opinion-poll/article37029192.ece

5. Consider the following statements with regard to the Sundarbans:
1. The Sundarbans are mangrove forest.
2. The Sundarbans are World Heritage Sites.
3. The Sundarban forest lies on the delta of Ganges, Brahmaputra and the Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 ha), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is adjacent to the border of India’s Sundarbans World Heritage site inscribed in 1987. The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests, and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes. The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python.
Source: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/798/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kolkata/a-miracle-of-saline-soil-reclamation-in- cyclone-ravaged-sundarbans/article37027503.ece