1.    With respect to the Tuberculosis (TB), consider the following statements:

1.    TB is a viral disease.
2.    TB is spread from person to person through the air.
3.    TB affects the lungs of a person.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air. A person needs to inhale only a few of these germs to become infected.
About one-quarter of the world's population has a TB infection, which means people have been infected by TB bacteria but are not (yet) ill with the disease and cannot transmit it.
People infected with TB bacteria have a 5–10% lifetime risk of falling ill with TB. Those with compromised immune systems, such as people living with HIV, malnutrition or diabetes, or people who use tobacco, have a higher risk of falling ill.
When a person develops active TB disease, the symptoms (such as cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) may be mild for many months. This can lead to delays in seeking care, and results in transmission of the bacteria to others. People with active TB can infect 5–15 other people through close contact over the course of a year. Without proper treatment, 45% of HIV-negative people with TB on average and nearly all HIV-positive people with TB will die.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/tuberculosis-deaths-up-in-pandemic-who/article37001563.ece
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tuberculosis#:~:text=Tuberculosis%20(TB)%20is%20caused%20by,TB%20germs%20into%20the%20air.


2. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is situated at the trijunction of:

(a)    Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
(b)    Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
(c) Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
●    Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state, at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
●    It has a common boundary with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) on the West, Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) on the North, and the Nilgiris North Division on the South and East and Gudalur Forest Division on the South West, together forming a large conservation landscape for flagship species such as Tiger and Asian Elephant. The Reception Centre is located at Theppakadu.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/tiger-mdt23-captured-after-22-day-long-search/article37003076.ece

3. Bangladesh shares borders with which all Indian states?

1.    West Bengal
2.    Sikkim
3.    Assam
4.    Meghalaya
5.    Tripura
6.    Mizoram

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a)    2, 3, 4 and 5 only
(b) 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 only
(c) 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only
(d) All the above

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
India shares a 4,096-km-long border with Bangladesh which touches Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya and West Bengal.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/durga-puja-pandal-attacks-sheikh-hasina-promises-action/article37012548.ece


4. The Global Hunger Index is released by:

(a)    Greenpeace International
(b)    World Economic Forum (WEF)
(c) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
(d) Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe

Explanation: Option (d) is correct

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool that measures and tracks hunger globally as well as by region and by country, prepared by European NGOs of Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/global-hunger-index-india-slams-methodology-after-countrys-position-tanks/article37007672.ece


5. What is the capital of Lebanon?

(a)    Beirut
(b)    Damascus
(c) Jerusalem
(d) Amman

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Beirut is the capital city of Lebanon and located on a peninsula at the midpoint of its Mediterranean coast.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/lebanon-on-edge-after-sectarian-unrest/article37012843.ece