1. The Bomdi-La, Dihang, Diphu passes are located in which Indian state?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Sikkim
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Himachal Pradesh
Explanation:
The Bomdi-La pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. It is located in the east of Bhutan.
Dihang Pass is located in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar (Mandalay). At an elevation of more than 4000 m, it provides passage.
Diphu Pass is a mountain pass around the area of the disputed tripoint borders of India, China, and Myanmar. Diphu Pass is also a strategic approach to eastern Arunachal Pradesh. It lies on the McMahon Line.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/china-hits-out-at-venkaiah-naidus-arunachal-trip/article36980973.ece

2. With respect to the appointment of High Court Judge, consider the following statements:
1. The Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President.
2. High Court judges are recommended by a collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.
3. In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted.
Which among the following statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Article 217 of the Constitution: It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India  (CJI) and Governor of the state.
In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted.
Consultation Process: High Court judges are recommended by a collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.
The proposal, however, is initiated by the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned in consultation with two senior-most colleagues.
The recommendation is sent to the Chief Minister, who advises the Governor to send the proposal to the Union Law Minister.
The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of having Chief Justices from outside the respective States.
The Collegium takes the call on the elevation.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/14-new-judges-for-the-telangana-kerala-orissa-hcs/article36993326.ece

3. With regard to ‘PM Gati Shakti’, consider the following statements:
1.  It is a national master plan for synchronising connectivity infrastructure projects across modes of transport.
2. It will help India realise its dream of becoming business capital of the world.
3. It is 500 lakh crore masterplan.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi kicked off ‘PM Gati Shakti’, a national master plan for synchronising connectivity infrastructure projects across modes of transport. it will help India realise its dream of becoming the “business capital” of the world.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday launched Rs 100 lakh crore national master plan for multi-modal connectivity that aims to develop infrastructure to reduce logistic costs and boost the economy.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-modi-unveils-gati-shakti-national-master-plan-for-infrastructure/article36979954.ece

4. Which among the following countries forms part of ‘Golden Crescent’?
1. Pakistan
2. Afghanistan
3. Iran
4. Iraq
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Explanation:
Drug production impacting Indian Ocean states takes place in two main regions: the “Golden Crescent”, comprising illicit opium production areas in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan; and the “Golden Triangle”, the second largest opium production region in the world, covering Myanmar, Thailand and Laos.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/iranian-indian-officials-discuss-narcotics-from-afghanistan/article36992904.ece

5. Kerala shares its borders with which Indian states?
1. Karnataka
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Andhra Pradesh
4. Telangana
Select the correct answer using the codes give below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Explanation:
It is bordered by the states of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and by the Arabian Sea to the south and west; it also surrounds Mahe, a segment of the state of Puducherry, on the northwestern coast. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum).
Source: https://www.britannica.com/place/Kerala
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/uthara-murder-case-man-who-killed-his-wife-with-cobra-gets-double-life-sentence-17-years-prison/article36979583.ece