1.    The ‘Desh Ke Mentor’ programme focuses on:

(a)    Mentorship programme for children studying in classes IX to XII in schools.
(b)    Mentorship programme for the teachers of schools.
(c) Mentorship programme for guidance for competitive examinations.
(d) Mentorship programme for childrens till class VI students.

Explanation:
The Delhi government launched a mentorship programme for children studying in Classes IX to XII in its schools.
Under the ‘Desh Ke Mentor’ programme, students will be mentored by volunteers from across the country for 10-15 minutes daily on issues ranging from career choices to teenage-related concerns.
Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, while launching the initiative, said that through this programme children will get an elder brother, friend or sister with whom they will be able to share everything, and the youth, who want to become mentors, will be able to contribute to nation building by helping in guiding the future of the country.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/desh-ke-mentor-to-guide-govt-school-children-on-career-choices/article36955554.ece


2. With respect to India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), consider the following statements:

1.    To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 levels.
2.    To achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
3.    To put forward and further propagate a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
●    Countries across the globe committed to create a new international climate agreement by the conclusion of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015. In preparation, countries have agreed to publicly outline what post-2020 climate actions they intend to take under a new international agreement, known as their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The INDCs will largely determine whether the world achieves an ambitious 2015 agreement and is put on a path toward a low-carbon, climate-resilient future.
●    India has submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Salient features of India’s INDC
●    To put forward and further propagate a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation.
●    To adopt a climate-friendly and a cleaner path than the one followed hitherto by others at corresponding level of economic development.
●    To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level.
●    To achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030, with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance, including from Green Climate Fund.
●    To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
●    To better adapt to climate change by enhancing investments in development programmes in sectors vulnerable to climate change, particularly agriculture, water resources, Himalayan region, coastal regions, health and disaster management.
●    To mobilize domestic and new and additional funds from developed countries to implement the above mitigation and adaptation actions in view of the resource required and the resource gap.
●    To build capacities, create domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technology in India and for joint collaborative R&D for such future technologies.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/morning-digest-october-12-2021/article36956541.ece https://vikaspedia.in/energy/environment/climate-change/indias-intended-nationally-determined-contribution
3. With respect to the G20 Summit, consider the following statements:
1.    The topic of the G20 leaders summit is Afghanistan.
2.    The agenda of the meeting includes a discussion on response to humanitarian needs and access to basic services and livelihood in the war-torn nation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend an extraordinary virtual meeting of G20 leaders on Afghanistan.
Mr. Modi had urged the international community to carefully act on the recognition of the Taliban as the legitimate rulers of Afghanistan and the G20 meeting is likely to deliberate on both political and humanitarian issues regarding the country.
The G20 meeting comes soon after the United States held a round of discussion on assisting the Taliban deal with the unfolding humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan as winter is deepening amidst shortage of essential commodities and a collapse of the banking system.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/modi-to-attend-g20-extraordinary-meeting-on-afghanistan/article36942720.ece

4. With respect to the National Green Tribunal (NGT), consider the following statements:
1.    It is a specialised body set up under the National Green Tribunal Act.
2.    The Tribunal is bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
National Green Tribunal (NGT)
It is a specialised body set up under the National Green Tribunal Act (2010) for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
With the establishment of the NGT, India became the third country in the world to set up a specialised environmental tribunal, only after Australia and New Zealand, and the first developing country to do so.
NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.
The Tribunal is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure 1908, but shall be guided by principles of 'natural justice'.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/national-green-tribunal-neednt-wait-for-godot-to-save-environment-supreme-court/article36949110.ece


5. Recently which organisation has invited India to become its full time member?

(a)    International Energy Agency (IEA)
(b)    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
(c) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
(d) None of the above

Explanation:
International Energy Agency (IEA) has invited India, the world’s third-largest energy consumer, to become its full-time member - a proposal if accepted will require New Delhi to raise strategic oil reserves to 90 days requirement.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/india-invited-to-become-full-time-iea-member/article36951552.ece