1. With respect to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), consider the following statements:
1. The Act has been enacted to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography.
2. The Ministry of Women and Child Development is responsible for POCSO Act.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
In order to effectively address the heinous crimes of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children through less ambiguous and more stringent legal provisions, the Ministry of Women and Child Development championed the introduction of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
The Act has been enacted to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography and provide for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences and related matters and incidents.
The Act was amended in 2019, to make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/delhi-hc-grants-bail-to-man-charged-under-pocso-act/article36935862.ece
https://vikaspedia.in/education/policies-and-schemes/protection-of-children-from-sexual-offences-act

2. Recently, use of bio-decomposer solution on farmlands is in news, in context of:
(a) Organic farming
(b) Stubble Burning
(c) Pesticides
(d) None of the above
Explanation:
The Delhi government, in a move to provide an alternative to stubble burning and combat air pollution, start its campaign to use bio-decomposer solution on farmlands under its winter action plan.
Environment Minister Gopal Rai said the solution has been given free of cost to farmers who will spray it in over 4,000 acres. Last year, the solution was tried out in about 2,000 acres and the government claimed that it had yielded good results.
 Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/stubble-burning-bio-decomposer-solution-to-be-sprayed-on-city-farmlands-from-today/article36935739.ece

3. Recently, in Meghalaya which river has been brought back from the dead?
(a) Kopili River
(b) Lukha River
(c) Piyain River
(d) Simsang River
Explanation:
A detoxing pilot project has brought a river back from the dead, the Meghalaya government has claimed.
The Lukha — “reservoir of fish” in the local Pnar language — was considered toxic beyond redemption a decade ago. The Meghalaya Pollution Control Board had in its 2012 investigative report blamed the contamination on acid mine drainage and run-off from the coal mines.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/detoxing-pilot-project-has-brought-a-river-back-from-dead-meghalaya/article36926683.ece

4. Which ocean borders Libya?
(a) Pacific Ocean
(b) Mediterranean Sea
(c) Atlantic Ocean
(d) Indian Ocean
Explanation: Option (b) is correct
The fourth-largest country in Africa, Libya is bigger than the state of Alaska. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Tunisia and Algeria to the west, Niger and Chad to the south, and Sudan and Egypt to the east.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/libyan-rivals-agree-on-pullout-of-mercenaries/article36931677.ece

5. With respect to the National Investigation Agency (NIA), consider the following statements:
1. NIA is a central counter-terrorism agency.
2. NIA functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
3. NIA was created in 2008 after the Mumbai terror attack.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is a central counter-terrorism agency functioning under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. The NIA is the central counter-terrorism law enforcement agency in the country. It was created in 2008 after the Mumbai terror attack the same year.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/nia-arrests-two-militants-in-multiple-raids-in-kashmir-valley/article36930982.ece