1. With regard to the Minimum Cooperate Tax, consider the following statements:
1. Global Minimum Cooperate Tax has been fixed at 15%.
2. The deal aims to prevent large firms from booking profits in low-tax countries.
3. Out of the 140 countries involved, 136 supported the pact.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3  
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: A milestone global deal to ensure big companies pay a minimum tax rate of 15% and make it harder to avoid taxation has been agreed after Ireland, Estonia and Hungary signed up to an accord, which U.S. President Joe Biden said levelled the playing field.
The deal aims to end a four-decade-long “race to the bottom” by governments that have sought to attract investment and jobs by taxing multinational companies only lightly and allowing them to shop around for low tax rates.
Statement 2 is correct: The deal aims to prevent large firms from booking profits in low-tax countries like Ireland regardless of where their clients are, an issue that has become ever more pressing with the rise of “Big Tech” giants that can easily do business across borders.
Statement 3 is correct: Out of the 140 countries involved, 136 supported the deal, with Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan and Sri Lanka abstaining for now.
The Paris-based Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which has been leading the talks, said the deal would cover 90% of the global economy.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/global-pact-on-minimum-corporate-tax-of-15/article36905483.ece

2. Recently, India signed two agreements on research in climate change and setting up a ‘green hydrogen’ electrolyser plant with which country?
(a) Denmark
(b) Russia
(c) UK
(d) US
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
India and Denmark signed two agreements on research in climate change, while another MoU on setting up a “green hydrogen” electrolyser plant was signed between Reliance Industries and Danish company Stiesdal Fuel Technologies as Prime Minister Narendra Modi met with Prime Minister of Denmark Mette Frederiksen.
This was the first summit-level visit to India since the COVID pandemic, and the first State visit by a Danish leader since a bilateral freeze on ties a decade ago.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/green-pacts-inked-at-india-denmark-summit/article36922816.ece

3. Malabar Exercise is held among which countries?
1. India
2. China
3. Russia
4. US
5. Japan
6. Australia
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(b) 1, 4, 5 and 6 only
(c) 3, 4, 5 and 6 only
(d) All the above
Explanation:
The Quadrilateral group comprising India, Australia, Japan and the U.S. is scheduled to hold Phase-II of the Malabar naval exercise next week.
This is the first military engagement among the Quad partner countries since Australia, the U.S. and the U.K. unveiled the AUKUS initiative to deepen cooperation on a range of “emerging security and defence capabilities” which includes equipping Australian with at least eight nuclear powered submarines (SSN).
The exercise will be held over three days beginning October 12 in the Bay of Bengal, an official source said.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/exercise-malabar-phase-ii-to-be-held-next-week-in-bay-of-bengal/article36920476.ece#:~:text=Share%20Article-,First%20military%20engagement%20among%20Quad%20partner%20countries%20since%20AUKUS%20unveiled,week%2C%20acco

4. The judges of the High Court are appointed by?
(a) Governor
(b) Prime Minister
(c) President
(d) None of the above
Explanation:
The Chief Justice and Judges of the High Courts are to be appointed by the President under clause (1) of Article 217 of the Constitution.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/government-clears-chief-justices-appointments-transfers/article36919926.ece

5. Consider the following statements:
1. Sabarmati Ashram is located in Assam.
2. The civil disobedience movement commenced from the Sabarmati Ashram.
3. The Gujarat government has embarked upon an ambitious project to redevelop Mahatma Gandhi’s Sabarmati Ashram.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Statement 1 and 3 is correct: The Gujarat government has embarked upon an ambitious project to redevelop Mahatma Gandhi’s Sabarmati Ashram and expand it from its present five acres to approximately 55 acres. The redevelopment will involve restoring all heritage buildings that were built during the Mahatma’s time in 1917, relocating families that live there and bringing to life Gandhiji’s philosophy and message for those visiting the Ashram.
Statement 2 is correct: The civil disobedience movement commenced with the infamous Dandi March when Gandhi left the Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad on foot with 78 other members of the Ashram for Dandi on 12 March 1930. After reaching Dandi, Gandhi broke the salt law.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/gujarat-government-begins-1200-crore-redevelopment-of-sabarmati-ashram/article36916395.ece