1. With regard to the Air India, consider the following statements:
1. Tata Sons have emerged as the new owners of Air India.
2. The Tatas will own a 75% stake in Air India.
3. Tata Sons is now the owner of Air Asia, Air India and Vistara.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: After 68 years, Air India is all set to return to the Tata fold. Tata Sons subsidiary Talace Pvt. Ltd. emerged as the winning bidder for the debt-laden national carrier after quoting an enterprise value of Rs.18,000 crore. The government will take a hit of Rs.28,844 crore.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Tatas will own a 100% stake in Air India, as also 100% in its international low-cost arm Air India Express and 50% in the ground handling joint venture, Air India SATS. Apart from 141 aircraft and access to a network of 173 destinations, including 55 international ones, Tatas will also have the ownership of iconic brands such as Air India, Indian Airlines and the Maharajah.
Statement 3 is correct: Tata Sons owns 84% share in Air Asia, which has a market share of 5.2%, and 51% stake in Vistara, which has a market share of 8.3%. Together with Air India’s market share of 13.2%, Tatas could be in control of 26.7% market share, and be the second biggest player after IndiGo.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/after-68-years-tatas-win-back-air-india-with-18000-crore-bid/article36895747.ece

2. Which among the following countries Arunachal Pradesh shares borders with?
1. China
2. Bhutan
3. Nepal
4. Myanmar
5. Bangladesh
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 2, 3 and 4 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) All the above
Explanation:
Arunachal Pradesh constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country and is bordered by the kingdom of Bhutan to the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Myanmar (Burma) and the Indian state of Nagaland to the south and southeast, and the Indian state of Assam to the south and southwest.
Source: https://www.britannica.com/place/Arunachal-Pradesh
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/india-china-patrols-face-off-in-tawang/article36891206.ece

3. Which among the following measures are taken to increase the production of ethanol for blending?
1. Encouraging production of ethanol from sugarcane juice and sugar/ sugar syrup.
2. Fixing remunerative ex-mill price of ethanol from various feed stocks.
3. Reduction in Goods & Service Tax on ethanol meant for Ethanol Blended Petrol (EPB) Programme from 18% to 5%.
4. Enhancing ethanol storage at Oil Marketing Companies locations
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Explanation:
The important measures taken to increase the production of ethanol for blending include:
•    Encouraging production of ethanol from sugarcane juice and sugar/ sugar syrup.
•    Fixing remunerative ex-mill price of ethanol from various feed stocks.
•    Extending interest subvention to distilleries.
•    Amendment to Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951, for free movement of denatured ethanol for Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme.
•    Reduction in Goods & Service Tax on ethanol meant for EBP Programme from 18% to 5%.
•    Extension of EBP Programme to whole of India except island UTs of Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep with effect from 01.04.2019.
•    Enhancing ethanol storage at Oil Marketing Companies locations.
•    Formulating an “Ethanol Procurement Policy on a long-term basis under Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme”.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/giving-big-push-for-ethanol-as-fuel-gadkari/article36894493.ece#:~:text=Minister%20for%20Road%20Transport%20and,on%20import%20of%20fossil%20fuel.&text=They%20have%20a%20compulsory%20blend,in%20petrol%2C%E2%80%9D%20
https://vikaspedia.in/energy/energy-basics/ethanol-as-fuel

4. Recently in news, Kunduz city is situated in which country?
(a) Afghanistan
(b) Iraq
(c) Saudi Arabia
(d) Iran
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
A suicide bomb attack on worshippers at a Shia mosque in the Afghan city of Kunduz killed at least 46 people, in the bloodiest assault since the Taliban government was formed. Scores more victims from the minority community were wounded.
The Islamic State-Khorasan (IS-K) group claimed responsibility for the attack. They have repeatedly targeted Shias in a bid to stir up sectarian violence in Sunni-majority Afghanistan.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/suicide-bomber-kills-many-at-afghanistan-mosque/article36895449.ece

5. Nobel Peace Prize 2021 has been accorded for:
(a) WTO’s efforts to solve trade war dispute
(b) WHO’s efforts for corona virus awareness
(c) Freedom of Expression
(d) None of the above
Explanation:
Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia won the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their fight for freedom of expression in countries where reporters have faced persistent attacks, harassment and even murder.
“Free, independent and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies and war propaganda,” said Berit Reiss-Andersen, chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, explaining why the prize went to two journalists.
Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it will be difficult to successfully promote fraternity between nations, disarmament and a better world order to succeed in our time.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/maria-ressa-dmitry-muratov-torchbearers-of-freedom-of-expression/article36919301.ece#:~:text=In%20awarding%20the%20Nobel%20Peace,%E2%80%9Cpopulists%E2%80%9D%20in%20several%20countries.