1. What is the income limit set for the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in India?
(a) 8 Lakhs
(b) 6 Lakhs
(c) 10 Lakhs
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
The Supreme Court asked the government to explain how it zeroed in on the figure of ‘Rs. 8 lakh’ as the annual income criterion to identify Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the forward classes of society for grant of 10% reservation in medical admissions under the all-India quota (AIQ).
The Supreme Court’s query is significant as the One Hundred and Third Constitutional Amendment of 2019, which introduced the 10% EWS quota, is itself under challenge before a larger Bench. The amendment is under question for making economic criterion as the sole ground for grant of reservation benefits.
Source:  https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/explain-basis-of-fixing-8-lakh-limit-to-determine-ews-category-for-neet-supreme-court-to-centre/article36881374.ece

2. With regard to the Cauvery River, consider the following statements:
1. Cauvery river rises from Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra.
2. Arkavathi, Hemavathi are tributaries of river Cauvery.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Kaveri also spelled Cauvery, sacred river of southern India. It rises on Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in southwestern Karnataka state, flows in a southeasterly direction for 475 miles (765 km) through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, and descends the Eastern Ghats in a series of great falls.
Statement 2 is correct: Tributaries of Cauvery are Arkavathi, Hemavathi, Lakshmana Theertha, Shimsa, Kabini and Harangi.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/iit-madras-study-finds-pharmaceutical-contaminants-in-cauvery-river-water/article36874088.ece

3. ‘Mata Kaushalya temple’ is situated in which state of India?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Maharashtra
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel inaugurated the redeveloped ancient Mata Kaushalya temple, part of the “Ram Van Gaman” Tourism Circuit the State government is developing at a cost of Rs. 137.45 crore. Nine sites are being developed to attract tourists to the circuit, believed to be the route taken by Lord Ram during his 14-year exile.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/baghel-inaugurates-temple-as-part-of-special-tourism-circuit/article36885738.ece

4. With respect to the World Bank, consider the following statements:
1. To join the World Bank Group, a country must first become a member of the IMF.
2. India is a founding member of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and India
•    India is a founding member of IBRD.
•    It started lending to India in 1949, the first project being undertaken for the Indian Railways.
•    Since the 1960s, the IBRD is an important source of long-term funding for India.
•    India is the largest IBRD client of the World Bank.
•    India is a blend country, which means it is transitioning from a lower-middle-income to a middle-income country.
•    India is eligible for loans from both the IBRD and the IDA.
 
•    To join the World Bank Group, a country must first become a member of the IMF.

Source: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/world-bank-retains-indias-gdp-forecast-at-83-for-current-fiscal/article36880027.ece

5. With reference to the Goods and Services Tax (GST), consider the following statements:
1. It is an indirect tax.
2. GST has replaced many indirect taxes like VAT, Service tax, Excise duty.
3. Goods and Services Tax Law in India is a comprehensive, multi-stage, destination-based tax that is levied on every value addition.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
GST is known as the Goods and Services Tax. It is an indirect tax which has replaced many indirect taxes in India such as the excise duty, VAT, services tax, etc. The Goods and Service Tax Act was passed in the Parliament on 29th March 2017 and came into effect on 1st July 2017.
In other words,Goods and Service Tax (GST)is levied on the supply of goods and services. Goods and Services Tax Law in India is a comprehensive, multi-stage, destination-based tax that is levied on every value addition. GST is a single domestic indirect tax law for the entire country.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/centre-releases-rs-40000-crore-to-states-and-uts-as-back-to-back-loan-for-gst-shortfall/article36875971.ece#:~:text=The%20Centre%20released%20%E2%82%B940%2C000,back%20borrowings%20from%20the%20market.