1.    This year’s ‘Nobel Physics Prize’ has been accorded for:

(a)    Climate Models and the understanding of Physical Systems
(b)    Discovery of Black Hole
(c) Discovery of 5G Technology
(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
U.S.-Japanese scientist Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann of Germany and Giorgio Parisi of Italy won the Nobel Physics Prize for climate models and the understanding of physical systems.
The Nobel committee said it was sending a message with its prize announcement just weeks before the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, as the rate of global warming sets off alarm bells around the world.

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/climate-experts-theorist-get-physics-nobel/article36850570.ece


2. With regard to the appointment of High Court judges, consider the following statements:

1.    The Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President.
2.    High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Appointment of HC Judges:
●    Article 217 of the Constitution: It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State.
○    In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted.
●    Consultation Process: High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges.
○    The proposal, however, is initiated by the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned in consultation with two senior-most colleagues.
○    The recommendation is sent to the Chief Minister, who advises the Governor to send the proposal to the Union Law Minister.
○    The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of having Chief Justices from outside the respective States.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/law-ministry-notifies-transfer-of-15-judges-in-11-high-courts/article36848888.ece


3. Consider the following statements regarding the Ayushmann Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY):

1.    The health benefit packages have been revised under the scheme.
2.    Rates of some packages have been increased by 20% to 400% under the PM-JAY.
3.    The scheme will cover black fungus also under it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 and  2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
The National Health Authority (NHA), the apex body for implementing Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY), has revised the Health Benefit Package (HBP) Master under the scheme.
In the revised version of Health Benefit Package (HBP 2.2), rates of some packages have been increased by 20% to 400% under the PM-JAY. Rates of around 400 procedures have been revised and one new additional medical management package related to black fungus has also been added, according to a release issued by the Health Ministry.
The HBP 2.2 is expected to be rolled out from November this year.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rates-for-400-procedures-revised-under-ayushman-bharat/article36844791.ece

4. The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is released by?
(a)    Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT)
(b)    IHS Markit
(c) Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
(d) Ministry of Finance

Explanation:
The services sector last month recorded the second-fastest expansion since February 2020, accompanied by the first hiring in 10 months, IHS Markit’s survey-based Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) showed.
The India Services Business Activity Index, which had hit an 18-month high of 56.7 in August, eased to 55.2 in September but was well above its long-run average. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion in activity.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-business/services-pmi-flags-first-hiring-since-nov/article36850115.ece

5. Which among the following are the goals of the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
1.    The WTO can stimulate economic growth and employment.
2.    The WTO can encourage good governance.
3.    The WTO can help countries develop.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Goals of WTO
●    The WTO’s global system lowers trade barriers through negotiation and operates under the principle of non-discrimination.
○    The result is reduced costs of production (because imports used in production are cheaper), reduced prices of finished goods and services, more choice and ultimately a lower cost of living.
●    The WTO’s system deals with these in two ways.
○    One is by talking: countries negotiate rules that are acceptable to all.
○    The other is by settling disputes about whether countries are playing by those agreed rules.
●    The WTO can stimulate economic growth and employment.
●    The WTO can cut the cost of doing business internationally.
●    The WTO can encourage good governance. Transparency — shared information and knowledge — levels the playing field.
○    Rules reduce arbitrariness and opportunities for corruption.
●    The WTO can help countries develop: Underlying the WTO’s trading system is the fact that more open trade can boost economic growth and help countries develop.
○    In that sense, commerce and development are good for each other.
○    In addition, the WTO agreements are full of provisions that take into account the interests of developing countries.

Source: https://epaper.thehindu.com/Home/ArticleView