1. Which of the following best describes “Shell companies”?
(a) An overseas company whose primary goal is to invest in the services sector.
(b) It is a corporation without active business operations
(c) It is a corporation built after merging multiple corporations.
(d) It is a company run by a group of governments.

Explanation: Option (b) is correct
A shell corporation is a corporation without active business operations or significant assets. These types of corporations are not all necessarily illegal, but they are sometimes used illegitimately, such as to disguise business ownership from law enforcement or the public.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/pandora-papers-expose-offshore-assets-of-heads-of-state-government/article36814429.ece
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/shellcorporation.asp

2. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Taiwan?
1. Taiwan is not a member of the United Nations (UN).
2. India is against “one-China principle” and has formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Taiwan is not a member of the United Nations (UN) or its suborganizations, but it aspires to participate. China opposes this. It argues, correctly, that only sovereign states can enjoy membership in the UN; any state that manages to enter into the UN system as a full member in its own right is seen by the other member states as a fully-fledged independent country.

Statement 2 is incorrect: India and Taiwan do not have formal diplomatic relations but since 1995, both sides have maintained representative offices in each other’s capitals that function as de facto embassies.India has backed the “one-China principle”, whereby countries formally recognise and have diplomatic ties only with China, and this has found mention in bilateral documents.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/chinese-warplanes-fly-toward-taiwan-for-2nd-straight-day/article36802281.ece#:~:text=Share%20Article-,As%20many%20as%2039%20aircraft%20in%20two%20waves%20entered%20the,for%20a%20second%20straight%20day.
https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/taiwans-un-dilemma-to-be-or-not-to-be/
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-could-review-relationship-with-taiwan-amid-border-standoff-with-china/story-e1FUQf9drB948CdpSWg1ZO.html

3. Consider the following statements about the National Investigation Agency (NIA):
1.NIA has powers to take suo motu cognisance of terror activities in any part of India.
2.NIA can enter any state without permission from the state government.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
The NIA Act, 2008 makes the National Investigation Agency the only truly federal agency in the country, along the lines of the FBI in the United States, more powerful than the CBI. It gives the NIA powers to take suo motu cognisance of terror activities in any part of India and register a case, to enter any state without permission from the state government, and to investigate and arrest people.

Source:
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-the-nia-act-and-why-is-chhattisgarh-challenging-it-6219106/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/nia-raids-premises-of-cross-loc-traders-in-jks-poonch/article36803241.ece

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?
1.It was adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2000.
2.There are five sustainable development goals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.

Statement 2 is incorrect: At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/reimagining-food-systems-with-lessons-from-india/article36813294.ece
https://sdgs.un.org/goals

5. Which of the following rivers are tributaries of Brahmaputra?
1. Dhansiri
2. Mahananda
3. Teesta
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (b) is correct
The principal tributaries of the river joining from right are the Lohit, the Dibang, the Subansiri, the Jiabharali, the Dhansiri, the Manas, the Torsa, the Sankosh and the Teesta whereas the Burhidihing, the Desang, the Dikhow, the Dhansiri and the Kopili joins it from left.

Mahananda is a tributary of Ganga.

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/british-era-bungalow-turns-brahmaputra-heritage-centre/article36804757.ece
https://indiawris.gov.in/wiki/doku.php?id=brahmaputra#:~:text=The%20principal%20tributaries%20of%20the,Kopili%20joins%20it%20from%20left.