1. Consider following statements about, the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission:
1. Under scheme citizens will be provided health ID that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application
2. There will be Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) and Healthcare Facilities Registries (HFR) that will act as a repository of all healthcare providers across both modern and traditional systems of medicine
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Based on the foundations laid down in the form of Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile (JAM) trinity and other digital initiatives of the government, Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission will create a seamless online platform through the provision of a wide-range of data, information and infrastructure services, duly leveraging open, interoperable, standards-based digital systems while ensuring the security, confidentiality and privacy of health-related personal information. The Mission will enable access and exchange of longitudinal health records of citizens with their consent.
The key components of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission include a health ID for every citizen that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application; a Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) and Healthcare Facilities Registries (HFR) that will act as a repository of all healthcare providers across both modern and traditional systems of medicine. This will ensure ease of doing business for doctors/hospitals and healthcare service providers.
Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission Sandbox, created as a part of the Mission, will act as a framework for technology and product testing that will help organizations, including private players, intending to be a part of National Digital Health Ecosystem become a Health Information Provider or Health Information User or efficiently link with building blocks of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission.
Statement 1 is correct:
The key components of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission include a health ID for every citizen that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application.
Statement 2 is correct:
The key components of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission include a Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) and Healthcare Facilities Registries (HFR) that will act as a repository of all healthcare providers across both modern and traditional systems of medicine.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-modi-launches-ayushman-bharat-digital-mission/article36690426.ece
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1758248

2. Consider following statements:
1. Alvars were worshippers of lord Vishnu
2. Songs written by the Alvars, compiled as the Nalayira Divya Prabanadham, are considered the equivalent of the Vedas
3. Andal was the lone woman among the 12 Alvars
Which of the given statements above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation: Option (d) is correct
In South India, there were two main groups of Bhakti saints: Nayanars (Shiva devotees) and Alvars (Vishnu Devotees) who preached devotion to God as a means of salvation. They spoke and wrote in vernaculars like Tamil and Telugu so that the common people could easily read and recite it.
Four thousand songs written by the Alvars, compiled as the Nalayira Divya Prabanadham, are considered the equivalent of the Vedas. Even today, the (Tamil) Divya Prabanadham is chanted by those leading temple processions, while the (Sanskrit) Vedas are chanted by those following the deity.
In Tamil speaking regions, the 12 Alvars or saint poets who were immersed in the devotion of
Vishnu (or his avatar Krishna), wrote several texts. One of the Alvar saints was a woman, called Andal. Andal was the only woman among the twelve Alvars.
Statement 1 is correct:
Alvars were worshippers of lord Vishnu
Statement 2 is correct:
Songs written by the Alvars, compiled as the Nalayira Divya Prabanadham, are considered the equivalent of the Vedas
Statement 3 is correct:
In Tamil speaking regions, the 12 Alvars or saint poets who were immersed in the devotion of
Vishnu (or his avatar Krishna), wrote several texts. Andal was the only woman among the twelve Alvars.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/society/faith/lords-birth-in-unique-night/article36684412.ece#:~:text=Sage%20Parasara%2C%20in%20his%20Vishnu,is%20a%20parent%20to%20all.
https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/lone-woman-among-alvars-who-was-andal-75800
Nitin Singhania/ Indian Art and Culture/3rd Edition/Indian Literature

3. Consider the following pairs:
Sl. No.    Community in news    Primarily related to
1    Houthi    Syria
2    Rohingya    Myanmar
3    Kurds    Turkey/Iraq

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Correct matched pairs are as below:
Sl. No.    Community in news    Primarily related to
1    Houthi    Yemen
2    Rohingya    Myanmar
3    Kurds    Turkey/Iraq

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/at-least-50-dead-as-fighting-intensifies-for-yemens-marib/article36686187.ece
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/a-rare-solidarity-for-rohingya/article34806638.ece
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/kurds-are-welcome-says-damascus/article29620764.ece

    

4. Consider following statements about, the Sugarcane pricing in India:
1. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approves Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane
2. Different Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane is announced for different states by central government
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
With the amendment of the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966 in 2009, the concept of statutory Minimum Price (SMP) of sugarcane was replaced with the ‘Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP)’ of sugarcane for 2009-10 and subsequent sugar seasons. The cane price announced by the Central Government is decided on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) in consultation with the State Governments and after taking feedback from associations of sugar industry.
FRP is uniformly applicable all over the country. Determination of FRP is the interest of sugarcane growers keeping in view their entitlement to a fair and remunerative price for their produce.
Statement 1 is correct:
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approves Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane

Statement 2 is incorrect:
Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane is uniformly applicable all over the country
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/uttar-pradesh-hikes-sugarcane-purchase-price-by-25-per-quintal/article36680012.ece
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1580066

5. The term ' two-state solution’ used in reference to
(a) Yemen- Saudi Arabia conflict
(b) Palestine- Israel conflict
(c) Cyprus- Turkey conflict
(d) Armenia- Azerbaijan conflict
Explanation: Option (b) is correct
The term ' two-state solution’ is used in reference to solution to Palestine- Israel conflict. two-state solution, proposed framework for resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by establishing two states for two peoples: Israel for the Jewish people and Palestine for the Palestinian people. In 1993 the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) agreed on a plan to implement a two-state solution as part of the Oslo Accords, leading to the establishment of the Palestinian Authority (PA). It talks of establishing an independent Palestinian alongside Israel providing Tel Aviv security and a Jewish demographic while granting Palestinians a state over their heads.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/israeli-troops-kill-many-palestinians-in-west-bank-clashes/article36678951.ece
https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/israel-palestine-conflict-two-state-solution-unsc-mea-1803559-2021-05-17