1. India is thinking of putting ‘reciprocal measures’ on the non-recognition of covid vaccine against which country?
(a) United Kingdom
(b) United States of America
(c) Germany
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (a) is correct
India could impose “reciprocal measures” on the United Kingdom if London maintained the current quarantine policy that subjected Indian travellers “irrespective of vaccination status” to a quarantine period lasting 10 days. There was an option of mutual recognition of vaccination certificates.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-considers-reciprocal-steps-to-uks-quarantine-rules/article36594953.ece

2. Consider the following statements regarding the National Green Tribunal (NGT)?
1. The NGT has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act.
2. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the principal of natural justice.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
Source: http://www.greentribunal.gov.in/about-us
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/ngt-suspends-clearance-for-ennore-power-plant-extension/article36600535.ece

3. With regard to AUKUS, consider the following statements:
1. AUKUS is an alliance of Australia, Unites States and United Kingdom.
2. It is a new three-way strategic defence alliance.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
It is a new three-way strategic defence alliance between Australia, the UK and US, initially to build a class of nuclear-propelled submarines, but also to work together in the Indo-Pacific region, where the rise of China is seen as an increasing threat, and develop wider technologies. It means Australia will end the contract given to France in 2016 to build 12 diesel electric-powered submarines to replace its existing Collins submarine fleet. The deal marks the first time the US has shared nuclear propulsion technology with an ally apart from the UK.
Source: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2021/sep/16/what-is-the-aukus-alliance-and-what-are-its-implications
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/no-link-between-aukus-and-quad-says-india/article36596665.ece

4. Recently in news, the ‘R value’ signifies:
(a) It reflects how slowly the COVID-19 pandemic is spreading.
(b) It reflects how rapidly the COVID-19 pandemic is spreading.
(c) It reflects the rising fuel prices.
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (b) is correct
The R value, which reflects how rapidly the COVID-19 pandemic is spreading, dropped to 0.92 by mid-September after going over one in August-end, according to experts.
However, the R values in a few major cities — Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Bengaluru — still remain over one. The R value in Delhi and Pune is below one.
The reproduction number, or R, refers to how many persons an infected person infects on an average. In other words, it shows how ‘efficiently’ a virus is spreading.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/covid-19-r-value-dropped-below-one-in-mid-september/article36594692.ece


5. With reference to Asian Development Bank (ADB), consider the following statements:
1. ADB head office is located at Manilla, Philippines.
2. ADB purpose is to provide prosperity, inclusivity, resilience, and sustainability to Asia and Pacific along with eradication of poverty.
3. India is a founding member of ADB.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) envisions a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty in the region. Despite the region's many successes, it remains home to a large share of the world's poor: 263 million living on less than $1.90 a day and 1.1 billion on less than $3.20 a day.
ADB assists its members, and partners, by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.
India is a founding member of ADB.
ADB head office is located at Manilla, Philippines.
Source: https://www.adb.org/who-we-are/about
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/adb-cuts-india-growth-forecast-to-10-sees-faster-inflation-at-55/article36598268.ece