1.    Which of following statements are correct regarding the Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO)?

1.    This body is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Labour and Employment.

2.    The Universal Account Number (UAN) is a 12-digit number allotted to employees who are contributing to EPF.

3.    It also manages social security agreements with other countries.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is the social security body under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Labour and Employment, which is responsible for regulation and management of provident funds, pensions and the mandatory life insurance in India.
The EPFO administers the mandatory provident fund and the mandatory pension and life insurance schemes for the Indian workforce.
Statement 3 is correct: It also manages social security agreements with other countries.
Statement 2 is correct: On 1 October 2014, the Government of India launched a Universal Account Number for Employees covered by EPFO to enable Provident Fund number portability.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/epfo-adds-1465-lakh-net-subscribers-in-july/article36580660.ece

2.    Which of the following organisations used to publish the Ease of Doing Business (EDB) index?

(a)    World Bank

(b)    World Economic Forum

(c)    International Monetary Fund

(d)    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Explanation
Option a is correct: Recently, the World Bank Group scrapped its flagship publication, the ‘Doing Business’ report.
This report publishes the influential annual ranking of countries on the Ease of Doing Business (EDB) index.
It was created jointly by Simeon Djankov, Michael Klein, and Caralee McLiesh, three leading economists at the World Bank Group.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-end-of-the-doing-business-rankings/article36576467.ece

3.    The election commission of India is often seen in the news. It administers elections to the:

1.    Lok Sabha

2.    Rajya Sabha

3.    State Legislative Assemblies

4.    Offices of the Vice-President
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1,2 and 3 only

(b)    2,3 and 4 only

(c)    1,3 and 4 only

(d)    1,2,3 and 4
Explanation
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
Option d is correct: The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950.
Article 324 to 329 of the constitution deals with powers, function, tenure, eligibility, etc of the commission and the member
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/centre-ec-govt-told-to-reply-to-plea-seeking-aap-derecognition/article36579674.ece

4.    With reference to Botanical Survey of India (BSI), consider the following statements:

1.    It was formed during the First Five Year Plan of India.

2.    It maintains gene bank of endangered, patent and vulnerable plant species.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is located in Kolkata, West Bengal. It was founded on 13 February 1890.
Statement 2 is correct: It is a Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change's organization for survey, research and conservation of plant wealth of India, flora and endangered species of India, including by collecting and maintaining germplasm and gene bank of endangered, patent and vulnerable plant species.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/western-ghats-offer-major-additions-to-new-flora/article36580644.ece

5.    With reference to the cultural history of India, consider the following statements:

1.    Buddha asked his followers to practice strict abstinence and asceticism.

2.    Buddha's teachings were written down in Pali.

3.    The Abhidamma Pitaka consists of the main teaching or Dhamma of Buddha.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    2 and 3 only
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Buddha asked his followers to avoid the two extremes of indulgence in worldly pleasure and the practice of strict abstinence and asceticism.
He ascribed instead the 'Madhyam Marg' or the middle path which was to be followed.
Statement 2 is correct: His teachings were written down around 25 B.C.E. in Pali.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The Abhidamma Pitaka is a philosophical analysis and systematization of the teaching and the scholarly activity of the monks.
The Sutta Pitaka consists of the main teaching or Dhamma of Buddha.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/national-museum-to-open-buddha-galleries-soon-arms-gallery-in-2-months/article36570651.ece