1.    In the context of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), consider the following statement:

1.    Its governing body is presided over by the Union Health Minister.

2.    It is funded by the Government of India in partnership with all states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
In 2007 the organization established the Clinical Trials Registry - India, which is India's national registry for clinical trials.
Statement 1 is correct: The governing body of the council is presided over by the Union Health Minister. It is assisted in scientific and technical matters by a scientific advisory board comprising eminent experts in different biomedical disciplines.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/rd-labs-transform-livelihoods-in-odishas-poorest-district/article36559568.ece

2.    Recently, the Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) NAG was in the news. It is developed by:
(a)    Israel

(b)    India

(c)    USA

(d)    France
Explanation
Option b is correct: The helicopter-launched Nag Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), Helina, being developed indigenously by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
The NAG missile has been developed to strike and neutralise highly-fortified enemy tanks. It also has night strike capabilities.
ATGMs are missile systems that can strike and neutralise armoured vehicles such as tanks.
It has a minimum range of 500 metres and maximum range of 4 km.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/anti-tank-missile-completes-all-trials/article36556641.ece

3.    Under the National Air Quality Index, the measurement of air quality is based on which of the following pollutants?

1.    Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)

2.    Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)

3.    Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

4.    Ozone (O3)
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1,2 and 3 only

(b)    2,3 and 4 only

(c)    1,2 and 4 only

(d)    1,2,3 and 4
Explanation
National Air Quality Index is launched in 2014 with outline ‘One Number – One Color -One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity.
Option c is correct: The measurement of air quality is based on eight pollutants, namely: Particulate Matter (PM10), Particulate Matter (PM2.5), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Ammonia (NH3), and Lead (Pb). CO2 is not measured under the AQI.
AQI has six categories of air quality. These are: Good, Satisfactory, Moderately Polluted, Poor, Very Poor and Severe.
It has been developed by the CPCB in consultation with IIT-Kanpur and an expert group comprising medical and air-quality professionals.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/kejriwal-blames-stubble-burning-for-poor-aqi/article36559432.ece
4.    Consider the following statements regarding the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI):

1.    It is an economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.

2.    It is headed by a Director General of the rank of Special Secretary to the Government of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) is an Indian intelligence agency. It is India's apex anti-smuggling intelligence, investigations and operations agency.
The Directorate is run by officers from the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) who are posted in its various Zonal Units as well as in Indian embassies abroad as part of the Customs Overseas Intelligence Network.
Statement 2 is correct: It is headed by a Director General of the rank of Special Secretary to the Government of India.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/2988-kg-heroin-seized-in-gujarat-two-held/article36559547.ece

5.    With reference to National Register of Citizens (NRC), consider the following statements:

1.    It was published only once in 2011.

2.    Legacy Data is related to National Register of Citizens (NRC).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
National Register of Citizens, 1951 is a register prepared after the conduct of the Census of 1951 in respect of each village, showing the houses or holdings in a serial order and indicating against each house or holding the number and names of persons staying therein.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The NRC was published only once in 1951.
Statement 2 is correct: The NRC of 1951 and the Electoral Roll of 1971 (up to midnight of 24 March 1971) are together called Legacy Data.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nrc-is-final-rules-assam-foreigners-tribunal/article36558968.ece