1.    In context of the Sedition Law in India, consider the following statements:

1.    It was originally drafted by Thomas Babington Macaulay.

2.    Under this law, Mahatma Gandhi along with Shnkerlal Banker was charged for three articles published in the Young India.

3.    Sedition is a non-bailable offence.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Sedition laws were enacted in 17th century England when lawmakers believed that only good opinions of the government should survive, as bad opinions were detrimental to the government and monarchy.
Statement 1 is correct: The law was originally drafted in 1837 by Thomas Macaulay, the British historian-politician, but was inexplicably omitted when the Indian Penal Code (IPC) was enacted in 1860.
Statement 3 is correct: Sedition is a non-bailable offence. Punishment under the Section 124A ranges from imprisonment up to three years to a life term, to which fine may be added.
In 1891, Jogendra Chandra Bose, the editor of Bangobasi newspaper wrote an article critical of the government. He criticised the Age of Consent Bill for posing a grievous threat to religion and its coercive relationship with Indians.
Statement 2 is correct: In 1992, Mahatma Gandhi was charged along with Shnkerlal Banker, the proprietor of Young India for three articles published in the weekly.
Source: https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/govt-will-not-hesitate-to-file-sedition-cases-against-opposition-ktr/article36538835.ece/amp/



2.    Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):

1.    It is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

2.    It is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, the sciences, and culture.
It has 193 member states and 11 associate members, as well as partners in the non-governmental, intergovernmental, and private sector.
It is headquartered at the World Heritage Centre in Paris, France.
Statement 2 is correct: UNESCO is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group, a coalition of UN agencies and organizations aimed at fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-business/bias-in-ai-is-a-key-topic-of-concern-capgemini-vp/article36545367.ece

3.    Consider the following regarding Competition Commission of India (CCI):

1.    It is a statutory body constituted under the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act).

2.    Its members are appointed by the Central Government.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002; it was duly constituted in March 2009.
The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act) was repealed and replaced by the Competition Act, 2002, on the recommendations of Raghavan committee.
Statement 2 is correct: The Commission consists of one Chairperson and six Members as per the Competition Act who shall be appointed by the Central Government.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/google-abused-android-dominance-competition-commission-of-india-report-finds/article36535148.ece


4.    With reference to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), consider the following statements:

1.    The most recent member state to be added to NATO was North Macedonia.

2.    It is an intergovernmental military alliance of more than 40 countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is incorrect: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 28 European countries and 2 North American countries.
The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
Statement 1 is correct: The most recent member state to be added to NATO was North Macedonia on 27 March 2020.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/after-afghanistan-pull-out-us-seeks-nato-basing-intel-pacts/article36545388.ece


5.    Consider the following statements regarding the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB):

1.    It is a statutory organization constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

2.    It aims to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: CPCB is a statutory organization which was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
It was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Statement 2 is correct: Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981: to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-sci-tech-and-agri/iisc-researchers-find-a-way-to-substitute-for-single-use-plastics/article36545446.ece