1.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The Line of Actual Control (LAC) was designated in accordance with the Shimla Agreement.

2.    The Line of Control (LoC) emerged from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the United Nations (UN) after the Kashmir War.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is correct: The Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the United Nations (UN) after the Kashmir War.
It was designated as the LoC in 1972, following the Shimla Agreement between the two countries.
It is delineated on a map signed by the Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) of both armies and has the international sanctity of a legal agreement.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Line of Actual Control (LAC), in contrast, is only a concept – it is not agreed upon by the two countries, neither delineated on a map nor demarcated on the ground.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/eam-jaishankar-meets-chinese-counterpart-wang-in-dushanbe/article36508646.ece

2.    In context of the Indian Judiciary, consider the following statements:

1.    Collegium System is the system of appointment and transfer of judges provided by the Constitution.

2.    As per the Constitution of India, the Chief Justices of the High Court must be from outside the respective States.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Article 217 of the Constitution states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and the Governor of the State
Statement 1 is incorrect: Collegium System is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the SC, and not by an Act of Parliament or by a provision of the Constitution.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of having Chief Justices from outside the respective States.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/supreme-court-collegium-on-mission-mode-to-fill-vacancies/article36515864.ece

3.    With reference to the World Trade Organization (WTO), which of the following statements are correct?

1.    It is a specialized agency of the United Nations.

2.    The Council for Trade in Services is responsible for facilitating the operation of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS).

3.    The Uruguay Round established the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

 Explanation
Statement 3 is correct: The Uruguay Round, conducted from 1987 to 1994, culminated in the Marrakesh Agreement, which established the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Statement 1 is incorrect: Although the WTO is not a UN specialized agency, it has maintained strong relations with the UN and its agencies since its establishment.
Statement 2 is correct: The Council for Trade in Services (Services Council) operates under the guidance of the General Council and is responsible for facilitating the operation of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and for furthering its objectives.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/wtos-agri-pact-tilted-against-developing-countries-goyal/article36525699.ece

4.    K. Kasturirangan Committee, sometimes seen in the news, is related to:

(a)    Monetary policy

(b)    Disinvestment

(c)    Corporate Social Responsibility

(d)    Draft National Education Policy
Explanation
Option d is correct: Committee led by Dr K. Kasturirangan presented New Draft of National Education Policy.
The Draft Policy is built on foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, and Affordability & Accountability.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/10-year-time-frame-available-to-implement-nep-kasturirangan/article36528189.ece

5.    Consider  the following statements regarding the National Investigation Agency (NIA):

1.    The cases are assigned to the National Investigation Agency (NIA) by the Central Government.

2.    It is empowered to deal with terror-related crimes across states with special permission from the states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
The National Investigation Agency (NIA) was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008.
Statement 1 is correct: The cases are assigned to the NIA by the Central Government in accordance with section VI of the NIA Act, 2008.
Statement 2 is incorrect: It is empowered to deal with terror-related crimes across states without special permission from the states.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/nia-grills-let-terrorist-tunda-over-railway-station-explosion/article36528667.ece