1.    With reference to ‘Sansad Television’, consider the following statements:

1.    On this channel, programmes will be aired in all the 22 languages provided in the Indian Constitution.

2.    It is the first Parliamentary channel of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
After nearly two years of work, the merger of the Lok Sabha TV and the Rajya Sabha TV has been finalised and will be replaced by a single entity Sansad TV.
Statement 1 is incorrect: Provisionally, the channel will have about 35 themes on which programmes will be aired, and the programmes will be similar, but in two languages: English and Hindi.
In November 2019, after deliberations between Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla and Rajya Sabha Chairman Venkaiah Naidu, a committee headed by former Prasar Bharati Chairman Surya Prakash was set up.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Lok Sabha TV has been in operation since 2006. It was the first Parliamentary channel of India.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sansad-tv-launched-modi-calls-it-new-voice-of-parliament/article36483067.ece

2.    In context of the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), which of the following statements are correct?

1.    It is under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

2.    It was set up based on the recommendations of the Santhanam Committee.

3.    As per ‘Crime in India 2020’ report, Assam recorded the highest rate of crime against women in the country.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
Statement 2 is incorrect: It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
Statement 3 is correct: Assam recorded the highest rate of crime against women in the country for the fourth consecutive year; reveal National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) figures for 2020.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ncrb-report-finds-28-jump-in-registration-of-cases-in-2020/article36468759.ece


3.    Recently, ‘Deepor Beel’ lake was in the news. It is located in which of the following Indian states?

(a)    Manipur

(b)    Himachal Pradesh

(c)    Assam

(d)    Haryana

Explanation
Option c is correct: Deepor Beel is one of the largest freshwater lakes in Assam and the State’s only Ramsar site besides being an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.
It is located towards the southwest of Guwahati city, Assam and is the erstwhile water channel of River Brahmaputra.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/assam-wetland-neighbours-oppose-railway-track-realignment/article36472679.ece


4.    Consider the following statements regarding a bad bank:

1.    A bad bank takes over the bad loans of commercial banks, manages them and finally recovers the money over a period of time.

2.    The bad bank does not take deposits but involves in lending to help commercial banks to resolve bad loans.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
A bad bank conveys the impression that it will function as a bank but has bad assets to start with.
Statement 1 is correct: Technically, a bad bank is an Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC) or an Asset Management Company (AMC) that takes over the bad loans of commercial banks, manages them and finally recovers the money over a period of time.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The bad bank is not involved in lending and taking deposits, but helps commercial banks clean up their balance sheets and resolve bad loans.
The takeover of bad loans is normally below the book value of the loan and the bad bank tries to recover as much as possible subsequently.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-business/cabinet-clears-govt-guarantee-for-bad-bank/article36487016.ece


5.    With reference to ‘Tribunals in India’, consider the following statements:

1.    The provisions related to ‘Tribunals’ were incorporated in the Indian Constitution by 44th Amendment Act, 1978.

2.    Administrative Tribunal was set-up by the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Tribunal is a quasi-judicial institution that is set up to deal with problems such as resolving administrative or tax-related disputes.
Statement 1 is incorrect: Tribunals were not part of the original constitution; it was incorporated in the Indian Constitution by 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
Statement 2 is correct: Administrative Tribunal was set-up by an act of Parliament, Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985. It owes its origin to Article 323 A of the Constitution.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sc-asks-centre-to-make-appointments-in-two-weeks-in-tribunals/article36467587.ece