1.    Consider the following statements regarding the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium (INSACOG):

1.    It is set up under the Ministry of Science and Technology.

2.    It is a joint initiative of the Health Ministry, the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium (INSACOG) is a multi-lab agency set up by the Government with a view to sequencing and analysing the genome data with respect to the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Statement 1 is incorrect: It is set up under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Statement 2 is correct: INSACOG is a joint initiative of the Health Ministry, the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/coronavirus-variants-mu-c12-not-detected-in-india-insacog/article36465537.ece

2.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The National Anthem was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Congress.

2.    There is a legal or constitutional bar on improvising the National Anthem.

3.    It is written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    1 and 2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the country’s National Anthem by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24, 1950, the last day of its last session.
Dr Rajendra Prasad, the President of the Assembly, and later the President of India for two full terms, had on that day also declared ‘Vande Mataram’ as the National Song.
Statement 3 is incorrect: ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the first stanza of the Bengali hymns ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’, written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in his Anand Math.
Statement 1 is correct: On December 27, 1911, the National Anthem was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Congress.
Statement 2 is incorrect: There was no legal or constitutional bar on improvising the National Anthem.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/indigenous-touch-to-national-anthem-in-meghalaya/article36447689.ece

3.    With reference to the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), consider the following statements:

1.    It the only United Nations body with universal representation.

2.    Decisions on important questions require simple majority of the General Assembly.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN.
Statement 1 is correct: All 193 Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.
The President of the General Assembly is elected each year by assembly to serve a one-year term of office.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/modi-to-visit-washington-for-quad-summit-and-new-york-for-unga-next-week/article36457516.ece

4.    With reference to the ‘Hindi’ language, which of the following statements are correct?

1.    It is the third most spoken language in the world.

2.    The Indian Constitution has provisions related to the development of the Hindi language.

3.    Recently, the Indian Prime Minister became the first head of government to address the World Economic Forum in a national language other than English.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
The Hindi language is the single largest spoken language (43.63% of people in India) among the 22 scheduled languages in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution.
Statement 1 is incorrect: It is also the fourth most spoken language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.
The Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi written in Devnagari Script along with English as the official language of the country on September 14, 1949, under Article 343(1).
Statement 2 is correct: Article 351 gives power to the Union Government to issue a directive for the development of the Hindi language.
The Hindi language is one of the 22 languages of the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
Statement 3 is correct: In 2018, the Indian Prime Minister became the first head of government to address the World Economic Forum in a national language other than English.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hindi-a-friend-of-all-indian-languages-amit-shah/article36455081.ece


5.    Recently, the Indian Navy has given Dornier aircraft on lease to which country?

(a)    Maldives

(b)    Bangladesh

(c)    Mauritius

(d)    Seychelles
Explanation
Option c is correct: The Navy has handed over a Passenger Variant Dornier (PVD) aircraft on lease to the Maritime Air Squadron of the National Coast Guard, Mauritius.
The Dornier-228 aircraft is a multi-purpose, fuel efficient, rugged, light weight twin turboprop aircraft with a retractable tricycle landing gear. The aircraft's cockpit is designed to accommodate two crew members and is fitted with duplicate controls.
The modified Dornier 228 aircraft have been acquired to undertake in-house calibration of Navigational aids available after implementation of Modernised Airfield Infrastructure (MAFI) at IAF bases.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/navy-gives-on-lease-passenger-variant-dornier-aircraft-to-mauritius/article36460113.ece