1.    Consider the following statements regarding the International Renewable Energy Agency:

1.    It promotes the sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy.

2.    It has more than 180 member nations.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
International Renewable Energy Agency is an intergovernmental organisation; it was officially founded in Bonn, Germany, in January 2009.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Currently it has 164 members; India is the 77th Founding Member of IRENA.
It has its headquarters in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Statement 1 is correct: It promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/green-hydrogen-a-new-ally-for-a-zero-carbon-future/article36369777.ece


2.    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1.    The Minimum Support Price (MSP) is based on a calculation of at least two times the cost of production incurred by the farmers.

2.    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) recommends MSPs for mandated crops and fair and remunerative price (FRP) for sugarcane.

3.    The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP) is an attached office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 only

(b)    1 and 2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    2 and 3 only

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The MSP is the rate at which the government purchases crops from farmers, and is based on a calculation of at least one-and-a-half times the cost of production incurred by the farmers.
Statement 3 is correct: CACP is an attached office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP) recommends MSPs for 22 mandated crops and fair and remunerative price (FRP) for sugarcane.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) of the Union government takes a final decision on the level of MSPs and other recommendations made by CACP.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/amid-protests-centre-hikes-minimum-support-price-for-rabi-crops/article36357984.ece


3.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The Central Government, after consultation with the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), specifies the devices intended for use in human beings or animals as drugs.

2.    The Drugs Technical Advisory Board is a statutory body constituted under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is correct: Drugs Technical Advisory Board is a statutory body constituted under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.
The function of DTAB is to advise the Central government and State government on technical matters related to drugs and cosmetics.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Central Government, after consultation with the Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB), specifies the devices intended for use in human beings or animals as drugs.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/panel-to-frame-new-drugs-cosmetics-and-medical-device-laws/article36362455.ece


4.    With reference to the Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

1.    A person convicted of the offence of ‘untouchability’ is disqualified for election to the Parliament or state legislature.

2.    The Supreme Court and the High courts can issue the writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, certiorari and quo-warranto under the Article 32.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Supreme Court (under the Article 32) and the High courts (under the Article 226) can issue the writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, certiorari and quo-warranto.
Article 17 abolishes ‘untouchability’ and forbids its practice in any form. The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Statement 1 is correct: A person convicted of the offence of ‘untouchability’ is disqualified for election to the Parliament or state legislature.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hc-says-people-have-a-fundamental-right-to-get-regular-supply-of-drinking-water/article36372288.ece



5.    Consider the following statements with respect to the strength of the judges in the Supreme Court of India.

1.    Originally the strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at twelve (one chief justice and eleven other judges).

2.    The Constitution of India vests the power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court with the President of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Originally, the strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at eight (one chief justice and seven other judges).
At present, the Supreme Court consists of thirty-four judges (one chief justice and thirty three other judges).
Statement 2 is incorrect: The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court vests with the Parliament of India.
The Parliament has increased this number of other judges progressively to ten in 1956, to thirteen in 1960, to seventeen in 1977, to twenty-five in 1986, to thirty in 2008 and to thirty-three in 2019[through Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Act, 2019].
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/centre-can-extend-ed-directors-term-says-sc/article36373341.ece