1.    Consider the following statements:

1.    Hindu Mahasabha was founded by Lala Lajpat Rai.

2.    The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) was founded by Keshav Baliram Hedgewar.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Hindu Mahasabha was a political party formed in 1933.
Statement 1 is correct: It was founded by Veer Damodar Savarkar, Lala Lajpat Rai, and Madan Mohan Malviya.
Statement 2 is correct: RSS was founded in 1925 by Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, a doctor in the city of Nagpur, British India.
It is an Indian right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organisation.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/rss-wing-demands-guaranteed-prices-for-crops/article36343467.ece

2.    Consider the following statements regarding Cryptocurrency:

1.    Cryptocurrency is a specific type of virtual currency protected by cryptographic encryption techniques.

2.    Bitcoin is based on an open-source protocol and issued by a central authority.
   Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Bitcoin is introduced in 2009 and it is a type of cryptocurrency that enables instant payments to anyone.
Statement 1 is correct: Cryptocurrency is a specific type of virtual currency, which is decentralised and protected by cryptographic encryption techniques.
Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple are a few notable examples of crypto-currencies.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Bitcoin is based on an open-source protocol and is not issued by any central authority.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/el-salvador-leads-the-world-into-cryptocurrency-bitcoin-legal-tender/article36348305.ece

3.    Which of the following groups of countries are the members of G20?

(a)    Argentina, Australia, Brazil and New Zealand

(b)    China, France, Germany and India

(c)    Indonesia, Italy, Japan and Malaysia

(d)    Singapore, Russia, Saudi Arabia and South Africa

Explanation
It is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
The G20 membership comprises a mix of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies, representing about two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of global gross domestic product, and 80% of global investment and over 75% of global trade.
Option b is correct: Members of G20 are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/suresh-prabhu-out-piyush-goyal-in-as-indias-g20-sherpa/article36346097.ece

4.    With reference to the Prime Minister of India, which of the following statements are correct?

1.    The Prime Minister of India is the head of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.

2.    The Prime Minister of India appoints inter-state council.

3.    The Prime Minister of India acts as the chief advisor to the President.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The Prime Minister of India is the head of Nuclear Command Authority, NITI Aayog, Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Statement 3 is correct: The Prime Minister of India acts as the chief advisor to the President.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The President of India appoints inter-state council.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/shikshak-parv-pm-modi-launches-initiatives-in-education-sector/article36332567.ece

5.    With reference to Special Economic Zones (SEZ), consider the following statements:

1.    It is a territory within a country that is duty-free.

2.    Asia’s first Export Processing Zones (EPZ) was established in China.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: An SEZ is a territory within a country that is typically duty-free (Fiscal Concession) and has different business and commercial laws chiefly to encourage investment and create employment.
SEZs are created also to better administer these areas, thereby increasing the ease of doing business.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Asia’s first EPZ (Export Processing Zones) was established in 1965 at Kandla, Gujarat.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-business/govt-mulls-allowing-local-sales-by-sez-units-sans-import-tag/article36351697.ece