1.    Consider the following statements regarding appeal by special leave granted by Supreme Court:

1.    The Supreme Court is authorised to grant in its discretion special leave to appeal from any judgement in any matter passed by any court or tribunal in the country.

2.    It can be granted in any judgement whether final or Interlocutory.

3.    It is a discretionary power and hence, cannot be claimed as a matter of right.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Supreme Court is authorised to grant in its discretion special leave to appeal from any judgement in any matter passed by any court or tribunal in the country (except military tribunal and court martial).
Statement 3 is correct: It is a discretionary power and hence, cannot be claimed as a matter of right.
It may be related to any matter–constitutional, civil, criminal, income-tax, labour, revenue, advocates, etc.
Statement 2 is correct: It can be granted in any judgement whether final or interlocutory.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/vacancies-in-key-tribunals-not-interested-in-confrontation-but-you-are-testing-our-patience-sc-tells-govt/article36315769.ece

2.    With reference to the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) forum, consider the following statements:

1.    The chairmanship of the forum is rotated annually among the members and South Africa is the chair for 2021.

2.    The agreement establishing the New Development Bank was signed during the Fortaleza Summit.
   Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
The grouping was formalised during the first meeting of BRIC Foreign Ministers’ in 2006.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The chairmanship of the forum is rotated annually among the members, in accordance with the acronym B-R-I-C-S. India is the chair for 2021.
Statement 2 is correct: During the Sixth BRICS Summit in Fortaleza (Brazil) in 2014, the leaders signed the Agreement establishing the New Development Bank (NDB - Shanghai, China).
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/modi-to-attend-brics-sco-quad-meets-in-sept/article36326739.ece

3.    Which of the following are federal features of the Indian Union?

1.    Supremacy of the constitution

2.    All India Services

3.    Independent judiciary

4.    Executive is a part of the legislature
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1,2 and 3 only

(b)    2 and 4 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,3 and 4 only
Explanation
Option c is correct: Federal Features of the Indian Union are: Governments at two levels- centre and states, division of powers between the centre and states, supremacy of the constitution and Independent judiciary.
Features like: the executive is a part of the legislature, the flexibility of the constitution; All India Services, etc. are the Unitary Features (not Federal Features) of the Indian Union.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/spirit-of-federalism-lies-in-consultation/article36327646.ece

4.    ‘Sukhet model’, sometimes seen in the news, is related to:

(a)    Providing old age care to elderly people.

(b)    Promoting cleanliness and organic manure to the farmers.

(c)    Providing loans to members who are part of this model.

(d)    Farmer producer organizations (FPOs) in eastern India.
Explanation
Sukhet model is named after Sukhet village in Madhubani district of Bihar.
It is being implemented by the scientists of Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa.
Option b is correct: It is promoting cleanliness and organic manure to the farmers.
It is also helping the village in getting rid of pollution.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sukhets-villagers-trade-waste-for-wellness-get-free-lpg-refills-and-clean-manure/article36321698.ece

5.    Consider the following statements regarding the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012:

1.    It defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age.

2.    As per the act, a case of child sexual abuse must be disposed of within one year.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 was enacted to protect the children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography with due regard for safeguarding the interest and well-being of children.
Statement 1 is correct: It defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age and regards the best interests and welfare of the child as a matter of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child.
It also casts the police in the role of child protectors during the investigative process.
Statement 2 is correct: The Act stipulates that a case of child sexual abuse must be disposed of within one year from the date the offence is reported.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/bombay-hc-acquits-man-in-pocso-case/article36329691.ece