1.    With reference to the National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP), consider the following statements:

1.    It aims to unlock value in brownfield and greenfield projects by engaging the private sector.

2.    Under it, only revenue rights will be transferred to private sector entity.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect and statement 2 is correct: The National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) aims to unlock value in brownfield projects by engaging the private sector, transferring to them revenue rights and not ownership in the projects, and using the funds generated for infrastructure creation across the country.
The NMP has been announced to provide a clear framework for monetisation and give potential investors a ready list of assets to generate investment interest.
Union Budget 2021-22 has identified monetisation of operating public infrastructure assets as a key means for sustainable infrastructure financing.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/national-monetisation-pipeline-and-the-infrastructure-deficit/article36311200.ece

2.    The Houthi rebels, sometimes in the news, related to which of the following countries?

(a)    Afghanistan

(b)    Syria

(c)    Yemen

(d)    Libya
Explanation
Option c is correct: The Houthis, a group of Zaidi Shia Muslims who ruled a kingdom there for nearly 1,000 years, used widespread anger against President Hadi's decision to postpone long-awaited elections and his stalled negotiations over a new constitution.
The Houthi movement Houthis, is an Islamist political and armed movement that emerged from Saada in north Yemen in the 1990s. The Houthi movement is a predominately Zaidi Shia force, whose leadership is drawn largely from the Houthi tribe.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/saudi-arabia-intercepts-houthi-drones/article36315039.ece

3.    Consider the following statements regarding the reservation system in India:

1.    Initially reservations were provided only for Scheduled castes (SCs) and Scheduled castes (STs) in India.

2.    Other Backward Classes (OBCs) were included in the ambit of reservation on the recommendations of the Justice Rohini Commission.
   Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: After independence, initially reservations were provided only for SCs and STs.
Statement 2 is incorrect: OBCs were included in the ambit of reservation in 1991 on the recommendations of the Mandal Commission.
In exercise of the powers conferred by Article 340 of the Constitution, the President appointed a backward class commission in December 1978 under the chairmanship of B. P. Mandal.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-key-to-revitalising-indias-reservation-system/article36310802.ece

4.    With reference to the Indian Judiciary, which of the following statements are correct?

1.    The Regulating Act of 1773 established the Supreme Court of Judicature at Delhi with full power & authority.

2.    The Constitution of India declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court.

3.    No judge of the Supreme Court has been impeached so far.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The promulgation of Regulating Act of 1773 established the Supreme Court of Judicature at Calcutta as a Court of Record, with full power & authority.
Statement 2 is correct: The Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court. It also authorises the CJI to appoint other place or places as seat of the Supreme Court.
Statement 3 is correct: No judge of the Supreme Court has been impeached so far. Impeachment motions of Justice V Ramaswami (1991–1993) and the Justice Dipak Misra (2017-18) were defeated in the Parliament.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/sc-firm-but-friendly-with-govt/article36312875.ece

5.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The President of India is given immunity from any criminal proceedings, except in respect of his personal acts.

2.    The second Schedule of the Indian constitution decides emoluments, allowances and privileges of the President of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The President of India is given immunity from any criminal proceedings, even in respect of his personal acts.
Statement 2 is incorrect: He should not hold any office of profit. Parliament decides his emoluments, allowances and privileges. Parliament cannot diminish his emoluments and allowances during his term of office.
Arrest or imprisonment of the President cannot take place. Only civil proceedings can be initiated for his personal acts that too after giving two months’ of prior notice.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/a-good-teacher-is-a-nation-builder/article36312881.ece