1.    With reference to the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council, consider the following statements:

1.    It is a constitutional body.

2.    Its Chairman is Union Finance Minister of India.

3.    In the GST council, the decisions are taken by 2/3rd majority.
 Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: Goods & Services Tax Council is a constitutional body for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax.
Article 279A says that President shall by order constitute a Council to be called the Goods and Services Tax Council.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The council is devised in such a way that the centre will have 1/3rd voting power and the states have 2/3rd. The decisions are taken by 3/4th majority.
Statement 2 is correct: Its Chairman is Union Finance Minister of India with ministers nominated by the state governments as its members.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/lack-of-gst-details-stumps-economists/article36261050.ece

2.    Consider the following statements regarding the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI):

1.    It is under the Ministry of Culture.

2.    It was founded by the British Indologist William Jones.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
    
(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is an Indian government agency attached to the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
Statement 2 is incorrect: It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/jallianwala-bagh-conservation-was-supervised-by-archaeological-survey-of-india-culture-ministry/article36255715.ece

3.    With reference to the Deputy Speaker in the Lok Sabha, which of the following statements are correct?

1.    As per the Indian constitution, the position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party.

2.    The Deputy Speaker is elected from among the Lok Sabha members by a simple majority of members present and voting in the House.

3.    Whenever the Deputy Speaker is appointed as a member of a parliamentary committee, he/she automatically becomes its chairman.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation
Statement 3 is correct: The Deputy Speaker has one special privilege, that is, whenever he/she is appointed as a member of a parliamentary committee, he/she automatically becomes its chairman.
Statement 2 is correct: The Speaker (along with the Deputy Speaker) is elected from among the Lok Sabha members by a simple majority of members present and voting in the House.
Statement 1 is incorrect: It is by convention that position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party in India.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/long-wait-for-a-deputy-speaker-for-lok-sabha/article36252613.ece

4.    Recently, Baghjan well was in the news. It is located in which of the following states?

(a)    Assam

(b)    West Bengal

(c)    Sikkim

(d)    Arunachal Pradesh
Explanation
Option a is correct: The Baghjan well is a purely gas-producing well in Tinsukia district of Assam, and is at an aerial distance of 900 metres from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
It has been drilled by Oil India Limited (OIL) since 2006.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/baghjan-oil-well-fire-new-panel-to-assess-damages/article36263973.ece

5.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The Olive Ridley turtle is listed as 'Critically Endangered' and the Green Turtle is listed as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List.

2.    Sea turtles are larger in size compared to terrapins and tortoises.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only
    
(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
Statement 2 is correct: Sea turtles are larger in size compared to terrapins (freshwater turtles) and tortoises.
There are five species in Indian waters i.e. Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Olive Ridley, Leatherback and Loggerhead are listed as 'Vulnerable' on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
The Hawksbill turtle is listed as 'Critically Endangered' and the Green Turtle is listed as 'Endangered'.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/indian-biologist-wins-global-award-in-turtle-conservation/article36250625.ece