1.    Consider the following statements regarding the India's Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs):

1.    These are to be achieved primarily by 2025.

2.    Under it, India aims to reduce its emissions intensity of the Gross domestic product (GDP) by about a third.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: India's INDC, to be achieved primarily, by 2030.
Statement 2 is correct: India aims to reduce the emissions intensity of the GDP by about a third.
A total of 40% of the installed capacity for electricity will be from non-fossil fuel sources.
India also promised an additional carbon sink (a means to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere) of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by the year 2030.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/india-must-commit-to-net-zero-emissions/article36237828.ece

2.    Recently, ‘Zapad exercise’ was in the news. It was conducted in which of the following countries?

(a)    Mongolia

(b)    Kyrgyzstan

(c)    Russia

(d)    India

Explanation
Option c is correct: The Indian Army contingent will participate in a two-week multinational military exercise named 'ZAPAD 2021' at Nizhny in Russia.
It is one of the theatre level exercises of the Russian Armed Forces and will focus primarily on operations against terrorists.
Over a dozen countries from Eurasian and South Asian Region will participate in the exercise. Nine are Participating countries which include Mongolia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Russia, India and Belarus.
Eight countries are Observers which include Pakistan, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Uzbekistan and Sri Lanka.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/200-army-personnel-to-take-part-in-multinational-exercise-zapad-2021-in-russia/article36236065.ece

3.    Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)?

1.    It is the apex regulatory body for overall licensing and regulation of securities market and micro, small and medium enterprise finance companies in India.

2.    It is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Finance.

3.    It was given statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulatory body for securities and commodity market in India.
Statement 2 is correct: It is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Finance.
Statement 3 is correct: Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was first established in 1988 as a non-statutory body for regulating the securities market. It became an autonomous body on 30 January 1992 and was accorded statutory powers with the passing of the SEBI Act 1992 by the Indian Parliament.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/markets/sebi-eases-norms-to-boost-liquidity/article36237946.ece



4.    Consider the following statements:

1.    The Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) provides a portrait of the Indian population, while the Census is a tool to identify beneficiaries of state support.

2.    The Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 was the first caste-based census of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Census provides a portrait of the Indian population, while the SECC is a tool to identify beneficiaries of state support.
Since the Census falls under the Census Act of 1948, all data are considered confidential, whereas according to the SECC website, “all the personal information given in the SECC is open for use by Government departments to grant and/or restrict benefits to households.”
Statement 2 is correct: SECC 2011 was the first caste-based census since 1931 Census of India.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/we-need-a-caste-census-of-muslim-community-too-says-pasmanda-community-leader-khalid-anis-ansari/article36227039.ece

5.    With reference to High courts in India, consider the following statements:

1.    The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of having Chief Justices from outside the respective States.

2.    The President of India can at any time request any person who has held the office of judge of any other High Court to sit and act as a judge of the High Court for a State.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
The appointment of retired judges as Ad-hoc Judges was provided for in the Constitution under Article 224A.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Under the Article, the Chief Justice of a High Court for any State may at any time, with the previous consent of the President, request any person who has held the office of judge of that court or of any other High Court to sit and act as a judge of the High Court for that State.
Statement 1 is correct: The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of having Chief Justices from outside the respective States.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/declare-cow-the-national-animal-says-allahabad-hc/article36239391.ece