1.    Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Security Council (UNSC):

1.    There are five permanent members of UNSC; China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
2.    10 non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
3.    The UN Charter gives the Security Council primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
The UN Charter gives the Security Council primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. The Council may convene at any time, whenever peace is threatened. In contrast to the decisions made by the General Assembly, all Member States are obligated under the UN Charter to carry out the Security Council’s decisions.
UN Security Council

There are 15 Council members. Five of these — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States — are permanent members. The other 10 are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. Member States continue to discuss changes in Council membership and working methods to reflect today’s political and economic realities. Decisions of the Council require nine yes votes. Except in votes on procedural questions, a decision cannot be made if there is a no vote, or veto, by a permanent member.

Source: https://www.un.org/en/model-united-nations/security-council
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/unsc-resolution-on-taliban-serves-indias-interest/article36198479.ece



2. With regard to Dengue, consider the following statements:

1.    It is a bacterial disease.
2. Dengue is spread to people through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.
3. Infected Aedes species mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(b)    1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus. These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and unplanned rapid urbanization.
Dengue causes a wide spectrum of disease. This can range from subclinical disease (people may not know they are even infected) to severe flu-like symptoms in those infected. Although less common, some people develop severe dengue, which can be any number of complications associated with severe bleeding, organ impairment and/or plasma leakage. Severe dengue has a higher risk of death when not managed appropriately. Severe dengue was first recognized in the 1950s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. Today, severe dengue affects most Asian and Latin American countries and has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children and adults in these regions.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/many-die-of-suspected-dengue-in-ups-firozabad/article36210736.ece


3. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) comes under which ministry?

(a)    Ministry of Earth Science
(b)    Ministry of Home Affairs
(c) Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change
(d) None of the above

Explanation:
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/imd-forecast-foiled-by-24-rain-shortfall/article36211327.ece

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
1.Service provided by a housewife to her family is included in the GDP of the country.
2.GDP of an economy includes both private and public consumption in that economy.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total monetary or market value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period. As a broad measure of overall domestic production, it functions as a comprehensive scorecard of a given country’s economic health.

Statement 2 is correct: The calculation of a country’s GDP encompasses all private and public consumption, government outlays, investments, additions to private inventories, paid-in construction costs, and the foreign balance of trade. (Exports are added to the value and imports are subtracted).

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/indian-economy-grows-201-in-q1-lags-pre-covid-level/article36203451.ece
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/g/gdp.asp

5. Which of the following are among the eight core sectors of the economy?
1. Electricity
2. Crude oil
3. Electronics industry
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
The main or the key industries constitute the core sectors of an economy. In India, there are eight sectors that are considered the core sectors. The eight-core sectors of the Indian economy are electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilizers.

These sectors have a major impact on the Indian economy and significantly affect most other industries as well. The eight industries have a combined share of 40.27 per cent in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP), which gives the growth rates of different industry groups in a specified period.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/core-sector-logs-94-growth/article36211840.ece#:~:text=CARE%20Ratings%20chief%20economist%20Madan,action%20by%20the%20government%20on
https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-core-sector-growth