1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the National Monetization pipeline?
1.It aims to unlock value in greenfield projects by engaging the private sector
2.Real estate investment trusts (REITs) and infrastructure investment trusts (InvITs) are the key structures used to monetise assets.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The government on Monday unveiled a four-year National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) worth an estimated Rs 6 lakh crore. It aims to unlock value in brownfield projects by engaging the private sector, transferring to them revenue rights and not ownership in the projects, and using the funds generated for infrastructure creation across the country.

Statement 2 is correct: Real estate investment trusts (REITs) and infrastructure investment trusts (InvITs), for instance, are the key structures used to monetise assets in the roads and power sectors.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/government-to-ease-path-for-asset-monetisation/article36142055.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-the-governments-plan-with-the-national-monetisation-pipleline-7468258/




2.Which of the following statements is/are correct about Deepor beel ramsar?
1. It is Ramsar site located in Assam.
2.It is a salt water lake.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Deepor Beel, a Ramsar site,  is a permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra river, of great biological importance and also essential as the only major storm water storage basin for the city of Guwahati. The beel is a staging site on migratory flyways and some of the largest concentrations of aquatic birds in Assam can be seen, especially in winter. Some globally threatened birds are supported, including Spotbilled Pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), Lesser and Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos javanicus and dubius), and Baer's Pochard (Aythya baeri).

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/assams-deepar-beel-wildlife-sanctuary-breathes-easy-after-eco-sensitive-zone-notification/article36133229.ece
https://rsis.ramsar.org/fr/ris/1207?language=fr


3. Which of the following is among the objectives of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC)?
(a) To increase financial inclusion.
(b) To address issues related to insolvent individuals who want to contest Presidential elections.
(c) To tackle the bad loan problems that were affecting the banking system
(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) 2016 was implemented through an act of Parliament. It got Presidential assent in May 2016.
 
Centre introduced the IBC in 2016 to resolve claims involving insolvent companies.
 
The bankruptcy code is a one stop solution for resolving insolvencies, which previously was a long process that did not offer an economically viable arrangement. The code aims to protect the interests of small investors and make the process of doing business less cumbersome. The IBC has 255 sections and 11 Schedules.
 
IBC was intended to tackle the bad loan problems that were affecting the banking system.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/self-seeking-individuals-scuttling-intentions-of-insolvency-and-bankruptcy-code-cea/article36143449.ece
https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-ibc

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme?
1. It is issued by the State Bank India on behalf of the Government of India.

2.The tenor of the Bond will be for a period of 8 years with no exit option before that.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Some of the features of the Sovereign Gold Bond are:
Statement 1 is incorrect:
●    To be issued by Reserve Bank India on behalf of the Government of India.
Statement 2 is incorrect:
●    The tenor of the Bond will be for a period of 8 years with exit option in 5th, 6th and 7th year, to be exercised on the interest payment dates.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/rbi-unveils-series-vi-gold-bond-scheme/article36142557.ece
https://sbi.co.in/web/personal-banking/investments-deposits/govt-schemes/gold-banking/sovereign-gold-bond-scheme-sgb
5. Which of the following statement is correct about Black hole?
(a) A black hole is a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can not get out.
(b) A black hole is a place in space where gravity is completely absent.
(c) A black hole is the place in space from where the big bang event happened.
(d) None of the above

Explanation:Option (a) is correct
A black hole is a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can not get out. The gravity is so strong because matter has been squeezed into a tiny space. This can happen when a star is dying.

Because no light can get out, people can't see black holes. They are invisible. Space telescopes with special tools can help find black holes. The special tools can see how stars that are very close to black holes act differently than other stars.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/indian-astrophysicists-spot-rare-merger-of-three-jumbo-black-holes/article36132122.ece#:~:text=A%20rare%20merging%20of%20three,team%20of%20astrophysicists%20in%20India.&text=All%20three%20merging%20black%20holes,2.5%20million%20light%20years%20away.
https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/nasa-knows/what-is-a-black-hole-k4.html